Introduction to French and Francophone Civilization and Culture. This course introduces students to French civilization and culture from the Middle Ages through the 20th century, and is intended to be taken after FR 303. Students will read a variety of primary source documents in French, and will be introduced to major historical, cultural, and literary movements during these time periods, as well as major French thinkers and writers. The course assignments will focus on written and cultural competency. During the semester, students will learn how to read both critically and creatively, analyzing the strategies that different authors use to express their ideas, create their literary worlds, and engage the reader. The course will focus on interpretation in both oral and written form. The analytical approach presented in this course will prepare students for more advanced classes in literature and culture. The course aims, then, to expose students to a wide range of French-language texts and encourage learners to create more critical, insightful and engaging readings of texts.