Course Descriptions

Anthrozoology Courses

ANZ 107 - Introduction to Anthrozoology

3.00 Cr
Anthrozoology is the study of the interactions and relationships between humans and non-human animals. In this class we explore the evolution of the roles that non-human animals play in human society, considering the benefits that we humans receive and the responsibilities we have toward other species. We discuss the research that unveils the amazing health benefits humans accrue when they share their lives with other species, learning about the psychological, sociological, and physiological factors involved. We will become familiar with the many services animals provide for humans beyond food and labor. This is a required class for the major and minor in Anthrozoology and a prerequisite for ANZ 108. This is the first step toward preparing the students for a multitude of careers in which animals play an important role.

ANZ 108 - Survey of Animals in Service

3.00 Cr
The main objective of this course is to expose students broadly to the many and varied ways that animals provide service for humans and interact with human society to improve the well-being of communities and build social capital. This course embodies a partnership between Carroll College and various organizations and individuals in the greater Helena area and the State of Montana. These entities and individuals will discuss with our students the important work performed by the animals that share their lives. In addition students will have the opportunity to provide service to the community through a group project using human-animal interaction to improve the well-being of communities.

ANZ 221 - Canine Science: Nature of Dog

4.00 Cr
This course explores the history and evolution of the relations between domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) and humans. The course will largely focus on the developmental lifespan of dogs and will emphasize the following topics: genetics/breeds, anatomy and physiology, sensation, behavior, and cognition. The course will also involve direct observations and interactions with dogs. Critical evaluation of research and training in canine science is an essential component of the course. An understanding of basic care, including safety, nutrition, and socialization are goals of the course. Students should develop skills and knowledge to properly care for and provide a healthy environment for various types of dogs.

ANZ 231 - Hist Perspec: Horses & Humans

3.00 Cr
This is an introductory course on the relationship between horses and humans in the outer physical world and the inner psychological world. We will investigate this relationship from an historical perspective. We will assess this evolving relationship from the point of view of two main questions: 1) What was the process of this evolution? 2) How does this process inform us about our relationship with horses today?

ANZ 233 - Basic Equine Skills

2.00 Cr
This class is designed to provide hands-on experiences with horses. The primary goal is to learn how to keep you, other people and horses safe both physically and psychologically during interactions with each other. Horses are large sentient beings with minds and independent wills. Relationships with horses can become very powerful, exciting and rewarding experiences. Horses and humans have been interacting for many thousands of years. Therefore, there is no "right" way to build meaningful relationships with horses. Our ancestors have perfected techniques over and over again throughout the centuries. There are, however, procedures and practices that are likely to produce positive outcomes. The most important are: 1) observational skills, 2) knowledge of horse behavior and 3) interpretations of intention and emotions, both your own and that of the horse. This lab will provide guidance and opportunities to perfect these important equestrian skills. You will be observing and interacting with horses through guided exercises to promote the development of the above skills. This will include herd observations, working with individual horses and observing and working with your classmates who are engaged with horses.

ANZ 252 - Wild Animals and Society

3.00 Cr
This course engages students in an exploration of the meaning and value of connecting with wild animals. It provides a comprehensive and founda - tional examination of the interactions people have with wild animals, and complements the current course offerings in Anthrozoology pertaining to human interactions with domesticated animals. This course draws on read - ings from a variety of backgrounds to frame the human-wildlife connection as an expression of our desire to interact and connect with nature. This is a way to help overcome the growing separation of humans and nature, and will advance the wellbeing of people and wildlife. The goal is for students to increase their personal effectiveness in the field of Anthrozoology through a greater understanding of diverse perspectives that people hold toward wildlife issues. Students will work on their own and in groups to identify solutions to contemporary wildlife issues and policies that have at their core diverging perspectives of the value and significance of wildlife. Students will learn and practice the scientific method by conducting a social science survey to explore people's views of wildlife.

ANZ 289 - ANZ Special Topic

3.00 Cr
Special topics include ad-hoc courses on various selected topics; not part of the regular curriculum. These offerings will be announced in advance and will be offered at the discretion of each department.

189/289/389/489 Special Topics: Credits are arranged.

ANZ 309 - Research Methods (WI)

4.00 Cr
This course provides an introduction to descriptive, experimental and qua -si-experimental research methods. Students will learn about the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) and will submit an IRB or IACUC application depending on each student's research topic. Descriptive data methods include distributions, normative data analysis and correlations. Experimental and quasi-experimental methods include using group and single-subject designs, analysis using basic inferential statistics (including t-tests, and analysis of variance), and analysis using visual analysis. The class will focus on designing effective research studies, appropriately analyzing data, and critical thinking skills so that students can meaningfully evaluate research claims. Examples in class and reviewed literature will focus on Anthrozoology topics and an emphasis will be on conducting research in Anthrozoology, as well as how clinical practitioners can implement scientific evaluation of their treatments in their clinical practices. Students will complete a comprehensive research project and paper.

ANZ 310 - Research Methods

4.00 Cr
This course provides an introduction to descriptive, experimental and quasi-experimental research methods. Students will learn about the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) and will become familiar with the submission process. Descriptive data methods include distributions, normative data analysis and correlations. Experimental and quasi-experimental methods include using group and single-subject designs, analysis using basic inferential statistics (including t-tests, and analysis of variance), and analysis using visual analysis. The class will focus on designing effective research studies, appropriately analyzing data, and critical thinking skills so that students can meaningfully evaluate research claims. Examples in class and reviewed literature will focus on Anthrozoology topics and an emphasis will be on conducting research in Anthrozoology, as well as how clinical practitioners can implement scientific evaluation of their treatments in their clinical practices.

ANZ 321 - Intro to Canine Training

3.00 Cr
Based on information learned in Canine Science and Fundamentals of Learning, students will apply their knowledge of dog handling, care, safety, and training. During this course students have both the opportunity and responsibility for caring for and training a dog. Basic dog obedience and responsible dog ownership will be the focus of the course. Students will learn about and participate in methods used for dog selection. Key issues involved in training, such as attachment, communication, and developmental deadlines will be explored. Multiple approaches to obedience training will be discussed and evaluated. Working with assigned dogs is required and various assessments are made during the course of students' skill and knowledge regarding dog care, handling and training techniques. Fostering a dog is optional (see ANZ 321L). This course includes both written and oral evaluation techniques.

ANZ 321L - Canine Training W/ a Dog Lab

2.00 Cr
This lab is for those students who foster and train an assigned dog or participate in training while not fostering. Students enroll for 2 credits when fostering. Must be enrolled in ANZ 321 and have consent of the instructor to foster a dog.

ANZ 322 - Advanced Canine Training

3.00 Cr

This course emphasized advanced training techniques. Multiple approaches to obedience training will continue to be discussed and evaluated. Critical evaluation of training methods is an essential part of the course. Different specialized training purposes are explored, such as service, therapy, scent-tracking, search and rescue, livestock use, etc. Federal (ADA) and state laws will be discussed. Career opportunities in canine science are also investigated. Program affiliates are engaged to discuss practical applications of canine training, including highlighting career options, discussing working with clients with special needs, such as those with disabilities, and further developing an understanding of the human-canine bond. Fostering a dog is optional (see ANZ 322L). This course includes both written and oral evaluation techniques.

ANZ 322L - Adv Canine Training Lab

2.00 Cr

This lab is a continuation of ANZ 321L for those students who foster and train an assigned dog or participate in training while not fostering. Students enroll for 2 credits fostering. Must be enrolled in ANZ 322.

ANZ 332 - Equine Science:Nature Horses

4.00 Cr
This course focuses on a scientific understanding of the horse and is de - signed to provide students more in-depth information about horse behavior, physiology, and wellness. Understanding the nature of horses contributes to their care and management. Understanding their physical needs and social behavior contributes to a safe and rewarding relationship with these animals. This class is designed to teach students about horses including their care and management. The laboratory component of this class is designed to provide hands-on experiences with horses. During the lab students will be taught specific skills necessary for owning a horse and helpful in working at or managing a stable. Guided instruction will be provided on topics such as first aid, vaccinations, hoof care, horse transport, care and use of tack, pasture management, feeding, manure management and equitation.

Lab fee required.

This course includes a Lab section, ANZ 332L.

Prerequisites: ANZ 107, 108, 231 and 233 or permission of instructor.

Spring semester.

ANZ 388 - ANZ Teaching Assistantship

1.00 Cr

The teaching assistantship course provides students with a unique opportunity to apply the skills required in their Anthrozoology course to a real world setting. Students will participate in instructing other students while they learn about anthrozoology and work with horses and dogs. They will provide faculty support in lecture based classes or experiential labs. They will receive increasing levels of responsibility as the semester progresses. This is excellent preparation for graduate school or a student's chosen profession. May be taken twice for credit.

ANZ 421 - Specialized Canine Training

2.00 Cr
This sequence of courses (ANZ421/422) is an optional extension of ANZ321/322. In ANZ421/422 students raise a second for another specialized task chosen by the student. Students will employ the training skills they learned in ANZ321/322 and function as a more independent trainer. Most of the training will occur on the student's own time. Regular weekly meetings to ensure meaningful training progress, to address any problems that arise, and to train in a more distracting setting. ANZ421 is the first semester of the two-semester sequence. Students must enroll in both ANZ 421 and ANZ 422.

ANZ 422 - Specialized Canine Training

2.00 Cr
This sequence of courses (ANZ421/422) is an optional extension of ANZ321/322. In ANZ421/422 students raise a second for another specialized task chosen by the student. Students will employ the training skills they learned in ANZ321/322 and function as a more independent trainer. Most of the training will occur on the student's own time. Regular weekly meetings to ensure meaningful training progress, to address any problems that arise, and to train in a more distracting setting.

ANZ 431 - Equine Asst Actvts & Therapies

4.00 Cr
This course studies the variety of methods used in partnering equines and humans for physiological and psychological benefit. Hippotherapy, therapeutic riding, and equine assisted/facilitated mental health services will be investigated. In addition ethics, standards, training, and research will be examined.

ANZ 440 - Animal Behavior

3.00 Cr
In this class students will learn how scientists investigate and interpret the reason and the causes of animal behaviors. There are four general approaches to the study of animal behavior including: evolutionary, ontogenetic, proximate mechanisms, and functional consequences. Students will learn how to apply these different approaches to the study of both domestic and wild animals. The development of normal and abnormal behavior will be an important component of this course.

ANZ 441 - Animal Behavior(WI)

3.00 Cr
In this class students will learn how scientists investigate and interpret the reason and the causes of animal behaviors. There are four general approaches to the study of animal behavior including: evolutionary, ontogenetic, proximate mechanisms, and functional consequences. Students will learn how to apply these different approaches to the study of both domestic and wild animals. The development of normal and abnormal behavior will be an important component of this course. Students will receive systematic instruction in writing through conducting a literature review. Students will gather, review, and synthesize pertinent literature to explain the underlying mechanism responsible for why and how an animal species behaves in a particular way. Students will serve as peer reviewers as well as authors for this assignment. Multiple drafts will culminate in one major paper at the end of the semester.

ANZ 442 - The Science of Animal Welfare

3.00 Cr
This course will explore issues involving the use of animals in agriculture, science, education and society. Students will examine the scientific research involved in understanding and improving domestic animal welfare and the philosophical positions on the use of animals. Topics addressed will include the physiological components of animal well-being, the concept of quality of life, the history of the humane movement, and the changing role of animals in society. The course will include reading, discussion, critical thinking, literature searches and student presentations.

ANZ 485 - ANZ Independent Study

1.00 Cr

Independent study is a unique learning opportunity not offered in the regular curriculum or an existing Carroll course offered to a student in special circumstances. Only junior and senior students may enroll in an independent study. At the time of application, a student must have earned a 3.0 cumulative grade point average. A student may register for no more than three (3) semester hours of independent study in any one term. In all cases, registration for independent study must be approved by the appropriate department chairperson and submitted to the Office of the Registrar.

ANZ 486 - Independent Research in ANZ

1.00 Cr
This is an individualized instruction course through which a student engages in an advanced research topic chosen in conjunction with an Anthrozoology Department faculty member. Regular conferences with the supervising faculty are required. Credits are variable. May be repeated for credit.

ANZ 499 - Senior Thesis

1.00 Cr

Senior Thesis (Effective August 1, 2016)

The senior thesis is designed to encourage creative thinking and to stimulate individual research. A student may undertake a thesis in an area in which s/he has the necessary background. Ordinarily a thesis topic is chosen in the student's major or minor. It is also possible to choose an interdisciplinary topic.

Interested students should decide upon a thesis topic as early as possible in the junior year so that adequate attention may be given to the project. In order to be eligible to apply to write a thesis, a student must have achieved a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.25 based upon all courses attempted at Carroll College.

The thesis committee consists of a director and two readers. The thesis director is a full-time Carroll College faculty member from the student's major discipline or approved by the department chair of the student's major. At least one reader must be from outside the student's major. The thesis director and the appropriate department chair must approve all readers. The thesis committee should assist and mentor the student during the entire project.

For any projects involving human participants, each student and his or her director must follow the guidelines published by the Institutional Review Board (IRB). Students must submit a copy of their IRB approval letter with their thesis application. As part of the IRB approval process, each student and his or her director must also complete training by the National Cancer Institute Protection of Human Participants.

The thesis is to be completed for three (3) credits in the discipline that best matches the content of the thesis. If the thesis credits exceed the credit limit, the charge for additional credits will be waived. Applications and further information are available in the Registrar's Office.