1770 Born and educated in
Stuttgart, Germany, the son of a government official. Brought up
in an atmosphere of Protestant Pietism. Studied Greek and Roman classics
while at Stutgart gymnasium.
1788 Won a scholarship to University of Tübingen: met and befriended the poet Friedrich Hölderlin and the philosopher Friedrich Schelling. H and S were romantics.
1793-1800 Private tutor for wealthy families in Bern and later Frankfurt (1797). Wrote essays--mostly on theological topics!--in which he moved away from orthodox Christianity, collected and published under Hegels Early Theological Writings. Das Leben Jesus first complete work (1795).
1799-1806 following father's death, inherited a modest sum of money, and joined Schelling at University of Jena as a Privatdozent (unsalaried lecturer). Established a philosophical journal, Critical Journal of Philosophy with Schelling. Wrote The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) which established his reputation in Germany and in which he critiqued Schelling's "objective Idealism"for which Schelling never forgave him.
1806 Napolean's invasion of Prussia and the Battle of Jena closed the University of Jena in 1806. Hegel became editor of the Bamberger Zeitung in Bavaria.
1808-16 headmaster of a Gymnasium (high school) in Nürnberg. Published Science of Logic (1812-1816). Married Marie von Tucher; three children were born, a daughter (died soon after birth) and two sons, Karl and Immanuel. Hegel had already fathered an illigitimate son, Ludwig, who eventually came to live with the Hegels.
1816-18 Chair of philosophy at the University of Heidlberg. Published Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Outline (1817)
1818-31 Ordinary professor of philosopher at University of Berlin. Published Philosophy of Right (1821). All his carefully written lectures were, with the further aid of his hearers notes, later assembled into works on the history of philosophy, philosophy of religion, philosophy of art, and philosophy of history.
1831 died of cholera
Lectures on the Philosophy of
History (published posthumously)
The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807)
The Science of Logic (3 volumes, 1812, 1813, 1816)
Philosophy of Right (1821)
Lectures on Aesthetics (published posthumously)