Organizational ethics: "Language of justice." Duties/rights.
Right. Claim-that determines the duties of others in order to establish or
preserve right relationship to us. Legitimate expectation or justified claim
on someone else's action.
Duty: morally legitimate action or inaction required by role. Always a duty
to someone or some group. These latter persons have a right.
Human rights and legal rights
- HR justified in the dignity or inherent value of the HP
- Legal right: "created right." By gov't action, contract or promise,
Elements of duty: subject, object, content, strength
Stakeholders: persons or groups of persons affected by decisions of people
in the organization
NO: No group or person ever more important.
YES: No group or persons always more important.
All decisions should respect the rights of those affected. Many interests; handful
Relevant Stakeholders-stakeholders in a situation with rights.
Hard cases: "renegotiate" rights (mutually adjust content) or prioritize.
RIGHTS OF CORE STAKEHOLDERS: MAINTAINING RIGHT RELATIONSHIPS>>>
Human rights: Life, Human Dignity, Community, and Property
- Life: right to life and health, right to safety.
- Dignity: right to respect for persons, right to freedom right to work right
- Community: right to participation, right to truth, right to education, right
to freedom of speech.
- Property: right to secure possession, right to fairness in exchange, right
to use, enjoy, and dispose of property.
Legal or created rights of core stakeholders
General duty: Keep promises and honor contracts.
- Right to a fair price
- right to information required to make a sound buying decision
- right to a product or service consistent with reasonable expectations
- right to products or services adequate to needs (no monopoly)
- right to fair compensation
- right to a safe working environment
- right to information relevant to job performance and security
- right to training
- right to a candid and fair evaluation
- right to reasonable freedom in doing the job
- right to loyalty
- right to fairness in termination
- right to flexibility (illness, family emergency, etc)
- right to job stability and security
- right to competent management aimed at producing a reasonable return on
- right to vote on certain decisions
- right to (declared) dividends
- right to residual assets
- right to sell shares
- right to timely payment
- right to competent management aimed at avoiding unnecessary risk
- right to adequate information (disclosure)
- a right to loyalty
- right to an opportunity to bid or to adjust prices
- right to preference over competitors
- right to timely advice of changes
- a right to support for the common good
- right to a safe and clean environment
- right to decisions and actions that do not unnecessarily disrupt the
- right to efficient and effective use of resources (privatization)
- right to compete
- right to expect activities that do not unfairly distort the market
- right to honest statements
- right to "honest" pricing