Carroll College, Helena Montana

Course Descriptions

TH: Courses in Theology

Department of Theology

TH 101 Theological Foundations 3 Cr
An introduction to the study of theology in the Roman Catholic tradition. Core aspects of theological inquiry—the Bible, the Creed, moral theology—enable students and faculty to jointly explore the nature of Christian faith and the embodiment of Christian faith in concrete historical contexts. This course is a prerequisite for all theology courses. Each semester.

TH 201 Church and Worship 3 Cr
An analysis of the Church as a community of believers and a social institution; a study of church liturgy and sacraments. Offered every other year.

TH 202 Gospel According to Harry Potter 3 Cr
Is the wizarding world of Harry Potter incompatible with Christianity as some have suggested? This class will explore how the Harry Potter novels are useful guides to examine and reflect on Christian themes like love, grace, sacrifice, power, evil, sin, community, sacraments, and faith. Summer semester. Offered at the discretion of the department.

TH 205 Theology and Film 3 Cr
In this course students will study the various ways that theology and film interact with one another; the manner with which film has been studied for theological themes as well as the influence of the religious imagination in the cinema. Students will view and analyze a variety of films from a cross-section of world cinema. Offered at the discretion of the department.

TH 206 American Cinema and the 3 Cr
Catholic Imagination*
In this course students will study four American filmmakers (Frank Capra, John Ford, Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese) and how their films express a Catholic imagination formed in their childhood. Not all of these filmmakers retained an active Catholic faith into adulthood. However, students will explore how Catholicism as a culture continues to resonate in their films through ideas such as sacramentality, mediation, and communion. Students will also study how these concepts are shaped by the distinguishing cultural expressions of Catholicism brought to America by the Italian and Irish forebears of these filmmakers. By viewing such classic movies as The Searchers, It’s a Wonderful Life, The Godfather, and Taxi Driver students will study how these directors present a distinctly Catholic vision of America. Offered at the discretion of the department.

TH 210 Catholicism: An Exploration of Catholic 3 Cr
Identity from Vatican I to the Present
This course explores, through ecclesial texts and some Catholic fiction and film, distinctive themes and issues that mark Catholic identity in the 20th century, including sacramentality, tradition, the faith and reason relationship, and Catholic understandings of authority and community. Offered at the discretion of the department. Offered at the discretion of the department. Not currently offered.

TH 211 Comparative Religion 3 Cr
A study of the origins and beliefs of major world religions in historical contexts. Fulfills global diversity requirement. Offered each year.

TH 212 Medieval Women Mystics 3 Cr
The course explores the development of a theology of mysticism that emerged in the context of neo-platonism and its chief proponent within the Christian context, Pseudo-Dionysius. Following that, the course explores several texts by women mystical writers of the High Middle Ages as one access point to the interconnections that exist between mystical experience and lay piety. Offered at the discretion of the department.

TH 220 Moral Theology 3 Cr
An introduction to moral decision making and moral action in light of biblical principles and changing contexts. Offered each year.

TH 222 Heath Care Ethics 3 Cr
In this course, we will examine fundamental ethical theories, the basis of these theories in the Judeo-Christian understanding of the nature of the human person, and the application of these theories to practical matters within medicine and health care. The approach to ethics we pursue in this course will be grounded primarily in a Western philosophical and theological context, and will focus especially on the moral teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. Offered each year.

TH 231 Introduction to the Old Testament 3 Cr
An overview of the origins, themes, and continuing relevance of the books of the Hebrew Scriptures. Fall semester. Fulfills writing intensive requirement.

TH 236 Introduction to the New Testament 3 Cr
An overview of the origins, themes, and continuing relevance of the books of the Christian Scriptures, with an emphasis on the four Gospels. Spring semester. Fulfills writing intensive requirement.

TH 245 Eastern Christian Traditions 3 Cr
The course traces the development of Christian churches of the East, including especially those that were beyond the borders of the Roman and, later, Byzantine empires. In large part, these churches developed in response to the Christological controversies of the fourth through seventh centuries, so the course traces the development of the eastern churches as one means of understanding the broader implications of Christology. Finally, this course introduces students to the existence of other rites that fall within the purview of the Catholic Church and are in communion with those under the Latin rite. Fulfills Global Diversity requirement. Offered at the discretion of the department.

TH 246 Research Topics in History and Religion 3 Cr
An in-depth study of one problem at the intersection of the fields of history and religion, with particular attention paid to an issue where further academic work needs to be done. The research topics change, though special concern is given towards topics that either span an era or cross geographic and ethnic boundaries. Students will work together with the professor to produce one, publication-quality article addressing the research problem. Offered at the discretion of the department.

TH 252 Theology of the Land 3 Cr
A study of the relationship of people and the earth, with a focus on issues of land stewardship as understood in the Bible, in the religious traditions of native peoples, and in the U.S. sociopolitical tradition. Offered at the discretion of the department. Not currently offered.

TH 254 Theology and Science 3 Cr
This course examines how and why the relation of Theology and Science has taken shape in the history of Christianity, particularly in its becoming problematic since the rise of modernity. This requires a critical reflection upon philosophical positioning of these disciplines, drawing out important differences in “truth and method” while seeking a non-reductive dialogue. Based on these philosophical underpinnings, a theological re-thinking of God (“after Darwin”) and of creation will be explored, both in its opportunities and challenges for contemporary Christian faith. Offered every other year.

TH 258 Theology and Gender 3 Cr
THis course examines how gender—with its pervasive historical-cultural meanings—has given shape to and challenged Christianity. It studies how biblical texts, religious practices and traditions, and theological discourse have been skewed through a“patriarchicalization” of Christianity. It critically examines how becoming androcentric has eclipsed the experiencee of women and even led to their oppression. Finally the course explores how various forms of feminist theologies attempt to incorporate the experiencee of women, to retrieve their contributions, and to enrich Christianity with many new and life-giving symbols, forms of thought, and ways of living. Prerequisite: TH 101. Offered spring semester, even-numbered years.

TH 261 Wealth & Poverty in the Bible 3 Cr
& Early Church
This is an exploration of the biblical theme of justice as it relates to wealth and poverty with an attention to the importance of this theme for modern Christian social ideas. Based upon readings of primary texts from the Bible and early Christianity, the course explores the potential contributions and limitations of early Christian social thought to contemporary socio-ethical discourse. Offered at the discretion of the department.

TH 263 Modern Catholic Social Teaching* 3 Cr.
A study of the cultural, political, and economic spheres of social life in the
light of Catholic moral teachings, theologies, and action. Magisterial andscholarly writings from 1891 to the present receive primary emphasis. The course also includes a service learning component. Offered at the discretion of the department.

TH 264 Theologies of Liberation 3 Cr.
This course first examines the beginnings of Liberation Theology in Latin America and critically considers how this has both challenged and nourished the Christian tradition and the fundaments of theology therein. The course will then examine how this has begun to blossom into a rich variety of ‘theologies of liberation’ in diverse contexts throughout the world. In this context, the course explores new ways of (re)thinking Christianity as fruitfully engaging the world by ‘building of the Kingdom of God’ in and through the ‘option for the poor’. Fulfills Global Diversity requirement. Offered every other year.

TH 327 Sin and Grace in Theology and Literature 3 Cr
An exploration of the theological questions of sin and grace as raised in the works of important 20th century novelists. Not currently offered.


TH 341 History of Christian Thought: 3 Cr
Early Church & Patristics
A study of major Christian doctrinal developments in their historical contexts, from the New Testament era through the Patristics. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

TH 342 History of Christian Thought: Middle 3 Cr
Ages through the Reformation
A study of major Christian doctrinal developments in their historical contexts, from the Middle Ages through the Reformation. Spring semester, even-numbered years.


TH 343 History of Christian Thought: 3 Cr
Modernity through PostmodernityA study of major developments in Christian thinking in their historical contexts, from Modernity through the challenges of Postmodernity. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.

TH 352 Christology 3 Cr
An analysis of interpretations of Jesus Christ’s humanity and divinity, from biblical statements to contemporary explorations. Prerequisite: TH 208. Offered every other year.


TH 495 Theology Seminar 3 Cr
A discussion of selected theological themes and important theologians, with a focus in systematical/philosophical theology. While required of all theology majors and minors in their junior or senior year, it will also be open 396 Course Descriptions—THT: Theatre Artsto other upper-level students who are non-majors upon the consent of the instructor. Offered at the discretion of the department.


TH 496 Theology Research Paper or Theology 1 Cr
Research Project
Theology majors must develop and present for the Department of Theology a theology honor’s thesis or a departmental research paper /project. The student will work with a professor in developing and fulfilling this requirement. The paper or project should provide evidence of scholarship in biblical studies, moral theology, church history, doctrine/systematics, or in another field of study as appropriate and approved by the department chair.