Carroll College, Helena Montana


Dr. Dane (D.J.) Cash, Assistant Professor

"I love teaching at Carroll because I get to teach such a broad range of material to students who are both down to earth and intellectually curious.  Not only do the faculty expect a lot from their students, but the students expect a lot from the faculty as well.  This combination demands excellence in the classroom from all parties, which makes Carroll an especially exciting place to be."

Dr. Dane (D.J.) CashDr. Cash received his Ph.D. from Boston University, where he completed fields in American History and International History.  His research focuses on the intersection of American foreign relations and political culture, as reflected in his dissertation, "The Forgotten Debate: American Political Opinion Journals and the Korean War," which he is currently working on turning into a book manuscript.  Prior to coming to Carroll, Dr. Cash taught American History for four years at Emmanuel College in Boston, MA, and teaches both American History and East Asian History at Carroll.  Dr. Cash enjoys spending time with his wife and daughter, rooting relentlessly for the Boston Red Sox and New England Patriots, and is excited to take advantage of all the hiking and kayaking opportunities that Montana has to offer.

Fields: American History and East Asian History

Recent publications:

  • " 'History Has Begun a New Chapter': American Political Opinion Journals and the Outbreak of the Korean War." International History Review (forthcoming).
  • "Irving Kristol." American National Biography.  Oxford University Press (forthcoming).
  • "William Howard Taft (1909-1913)," in Carl C. Hodge and CAthal J. Nolan, eds., U.S. Presidents and Foreign Policy: From 1789-Present. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio (2007).
  • "Andrew Johnson (1865-1869)," in Carl C. Hodge and Cathal J. Nolan, eds., U.S. Presidents and Foreign Police: From 1789-Present. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio (2007).

Dr. Jeanette M. Fregulia, Associate Professor, History and Artaza Center Faculty Director of Global Academic Programs

"I love being at Carroll because I can be both a teacher and a scholar.  The students here are my greatest inspiration- they challenge me every day to be better in the classroom and in my intellectual life.  Here at Carroll, faculty and students engage together as scholars, sharing ideas, perspectives, and insights"

Office: 104 St. Charles Hall // 406.447.4951

Dr. Fregulia earned her Ph.D. at the University of Nevada, Reno (2007) in Renaissance Italian History.  Her research focuses on merchants and material, cultural, and social exchanges between early modern Italy and the Eastern Mediterranean, as well as on the role of  gender in the the history of Mediterranean exchanges.  In addition, she holds a Masters Degree in Middle East Area Studies from the University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies, and continues to actively pursue research in the history of the Middle East and Islam.

Dr. Fregulia's research takes her  to Italy and the eastern Mediterranean.  Outside of work, she most enjoys time with family and friends, hiking and enjoying the gifts of nature, and really good food. 

Fields:  Renaissance/Early Modern Mediterranean History, History of the Middle East and Islam, and Gender History.  She also leads study abroad opportunities for Carroll College.


Selected Publications

  • Fregulia, Jeanette M. Monograph, A Rich and Tantalizing Brew (under advance contract, University of Arkansas Press)
  • Fregulia, Jeanette M.  “Stories Worth Telling: Women and Business in Early Modern Milan.”  Early Modern Women, an  Interdisciplinary Journal vol. 10.1 (Fall2015), pp
  • Fregulia, Jeanette M. Book Review. Bartolomeo Marchionni “Homem de grossa fazend” (ca. 1450–1530): Un mercante fiorentino a Lisbona e l’Impero portoghese. Francesco Guidi Bruscoli. Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2014.  For Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 68, No. 3 (Fall 2015), pp. 1063-1065
  • Fregulia, Jeanette M.  Book Review, Reorienting the East, Jewish Travelers in the Medieval Muslim World. Martin Jacobs, Philadelphia:  University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014.  For Appositions:  Studies in Renaissance/Early Modern Literature and Culture (Fall 2015)
  • Fregulia, Jeanette M. "Beyond the Arab Spring."  Carroll Magazine (Spring 2013). 
  • Fregulia, Jeanette M. Book Review, Muslim Women Reformers:  Inspiring Voices Against Oppression.  Ida Lichter.  Amherst, New York:  Prometheus Books, 2009.  For, Association for the Study of the Middle East and Africa, Book Notes (April 2012)
  • Fregulia, Jeanette M. and Samuel Stanton. "Ethnic and Religious Dimensions of the Israeli-Palestinian Struggle." Drawing a Line the Sea:  The Gaza Flotilla Incident and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.  Edited by Tom Copeland, with Alethia H. Cook and Lisa M. McCartan.  Lanham, Maryland:  Lexington Books (2011)
  • Fregulia, Jeanette M., "Hortensia".  Encyclopedia of the History of Feminist Thought.  Tiffany K. Wayne, ed. Santa Barbara, California:  ABC-CLIO (October 2011)
  • Fregulia, Jeanette M. "Radegund." Encyclopedia of the History of Feminist Thought.  Tiffany K. Wayne, ed. Santa Barbara, California:  ABC-CLIO (October 2011)
  • Fregulia, Jeanette M. "Widows, Legal Rights, and the Mercantile Economy of Early Modern Milan." Early Modern Women, an Interdisciplinary Journal, vol 3 (2008)

Professional Activities

  • Review Editor, H-Italy, Medieval and Renaissance Studies

Awards and Fellowships

  • May/June 2010,  Academic Fellowship, "Defending Democracy, Defeating Terrorism", Foundation for the Defense of Democracies. Tel Aviv, Israel.
  • Summer 2009, Jerry Berberet Summer Research and Writing Grant
  • 2008-Present, Faculty Development Grants, Carroll College
  • 2006-2007, Dissertation Year Fellowship in the Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Nevada, Reno
  • 2005-2006, Non-Doctoral Research Grant, Renaissance Society of America, Milan, Italy.
  • Summer 2005, Mellon Summer Institute for Italian Paleography, Newberry Library, Chicago, IL.

 Check out Dr. Fregulia's website

For Dr. Fregulia's CV - Click Here

See below for a History/Communications Study Abroad to Ghana, Summer 2016 with Dr. Dean Pavlakis and Dr. Doreen Kutufam

Dr. Dean Pavlakis, Assistant Professor

“It’s interaction with students that makes abstract history into something real and learnable. In the process we all – students and faculty alike – develop our understanding of the past and become better able to make sense of the present.”

Email: dpavlakisDean Pavlakis

Dr. Pavlakis received his Ph.D. from the University at Buffalo (State University of New York at Buffalo), completing fields in Modern European History, Modern British History, and Atlantic History, with additional special attention to colonial and post-colonial Africa. His research focuses on the how European humanitarianism dealt with colonial rule, especially as it pertained to Africa. His dissertation provides the basis of a forthcoming book on the Congo Reform Movement in Britain and beyond (Ashgate, expected publication 2015). With an undergraduate degree in History and Economics from Harvard and a previous career in banking, he is a resource for students interested in exploring how to use a history major in a corporate career.

In addition to his enthusiasm for the study of history, Dr. Pavlakis tries to  take advantage of the outdoors (not strenuously!) as well as sharing his indoor interests in music of all kinds, theater, strategy games (Diplomacy, Risk, miltary strategy), archival research, and Tolkien. He has done several leisurely biking tours in Europe and is always hoping to do one more.


Modern European History, Modern African History.


  • British Humanitarianism and the Congo Reform Movement, 1896-1913 (Ashgate, 2015)
  • "Debating the Role of Religion in the Congo Reform Movement,” chapter in Religion in the Age of Imperial Humanitarianism, edited by Harald Fischer-Tiné, Johannes Paulmann, and Alexandra Przyrembel (forthcoming).
  • “Reputation and the Sexual Abuse of Boys: Changing Norms in Late Nineteenth-century Britain” Men and Masculinities 17, no. 3 (Summer 2014), 325-346.
  • “The Development of British Overseas Humanitarianism and the Congo Reform Campaign,” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Spring 2010).
  • Review: Selling the Congo: A History of European Pro-Empire Propaganda and the Making of Belgian Imperialism, by Matthew G. Stanard in Contemporary French Civilization 38, no. 1 (2013), 129-130.
  • Review: Freedom’s Battle: The Origins of Humanitarian Intervention, by Gary Bass, Journal of British Studies 38, no. 3 (July 2009), 794-795.


Study Abroad

Study Abroad to Ghana - Summer 2017: Join History Professor Dr. Dean Pavlakis and Professor of Communications Dr. Doreen Kutufam for a study abroad to Ghana that will explore the African Slave Trade. Check back soon for the itinerary!


Dr. Robert Swartout, Jr. (Emeritus Professor of History)
Dr. Swartout received his Ph.D. from Washington State University and has authored numerous books and articles. Before his retirement, Dr. Swartout taught classes in US history and US-East Asian relations while also serving as long-time department chair.

Fields Taught: American & East Asian History




Other Emeritus Faculty

completed his graduate work at St. Louis University in medieval history, and

Rev. William Greytak

Engaging content and personalized attention

 "I didn't like history before I took classes here at Carroll.  The history professors here are great, they keep you engaged.  An my adviser, Dr. Swartout doesn't just advise you academically - he wants to know what is going on in your life.  He's always there for you on a personal level." -JD Soloman, '01, History & Secondary Education with a minor in Physical Education

"(The faculty) are not only passionate about their subject, but are equally passionate about their students.  They taught me that history is not simply names and dates, but the stories and experiences of those fellow humans who have gone before me.  The history faculty at Carroll serve as models in innumerable ways." -Dr. Joseph Laythe, Professor of History, Edinboro University of Pennsylvania