“A history degree from Carroll teaches one to be a critical thinker and to learn from past experiences.”
Department of History
HI 101-102 History of Western Civilization 6 Cr
This course integrates social, political, and cultural history, acknowledging
the important contributions of women and men from all strata of society
—including the nobility, religious leaders, rural peasants, urban dwellers,
merchants, and others. The first half of the History of Western Civilization
begins with our first human ancestors and ends with the Age of Exploration
in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. More than simply the grand narrative
of the History of Western Civilization, this course places Western Civilization
within the much larger context of the global history of which it was a part.
Required for all history majors. Offered annually in the fall (HI 101) and the
spring (HI 102).
HI 121-122 History of the United States 6 Cr
An introductory survey of the American experience from the Age of
Exploration to the present, with emphasis on those national traits which
continue to influence American attitudes and actions. Required of all history
majors. Offered annually annually in the fall (HI 121) and the spring (HI 122).
HI 121 fulfills the National Diversity requirement.
HI 204 Medieval History 3 Cr
This semester we will look at Medieval Europe from the collapse of the
Western Roman Empire (c. 410) to the arrival of the plague in 1348. Against
the backdrop of daily life in Medieval Europe, we will consider a broad
range of ideas and texts from the philosophy of Boethius to the Letters of
St. Catherine of Siena; and from courtly romance to the Crusades. Far more
than just the Dark Ages, our consideration of Medieval Europe includes
monks on the trail of a murderer, kings and their subjects, and even mythical
heroes such as King Arthur and Robin Hood (and of course, Maid Marion).
Fall semester, even-numbered years.
HI 205 Nineteenth Century Europe 3 Cr
This course covers the history of Modern Europe from 1789 to the decade
before World War I, organized around political, social, and economic
developments and conflicts. As we explore the ways nineteenth-century
Europeans grappled with the creation of the modern world, the course will
address several specific themes, including the tension between liberty and
control in modernizing states, new belief systems (ideologies), migrations,
imperialism, reform movements, and cultural developments. Fall semester,
HI 224 History of the American West 3 Cr
A topical study of the American West from the late 18th through the 20th
centuries. Special emphasis on the myths and symbolism of the West, and
on the West’s impact on the nation’s attitudes and values. Fall semester,
HI 231 Montana and the West 3 Cr
An introductory survey of Montana’s past and its importance in the development of the West, from the period of exploration to the present. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.
HI 239 History of the Ancient Mediterranean 3 Cr
The history of the Mediterranean is a survey of ancient civilizations around
the Mediterranean basin, specifically Greece, Rome and the Near East to the
rise of Islam in the seventh century AD. Consideration will also be given to
Ancient Egypt and Mediterranean connections to the Silk Road. The course
focuses on the cultural interactions and exchanges that took place around
the Mediterranean: material, cultural, religious and social; the importance
of merchants and trade networks; and the Mediterranean Sea as a space
both connected and conflicted. Spring semester, even-numbered years.
HI 241 History of the Modern Middle East 3 Cr
For purposes of this class, the modern Middle East is defined as 1914–
present, territorially and politically stretching from Egypt to Iran, including
Israel/Palestine, the Arabian Peninsula, and Turkey. As time allows, we
will consider North Africa as a region with cultural, linguistic, and religious
ties to the Middle East but also very different, as well as Afghanistan, and
Pakistan. This course carefully considers how history, culture, politics,
economics, and geography, as well as all three Abrahamic faiths—Judaism,
Christianity, and Islam—shaped the region’s past, are inextricably tied to
its present, and help us think about what the future might hold. This class
also addresses matters of gender, violence, terrorism, and the chances for
a lasting peace. Finally, colonialism and imperialism continue to resonate
throughout the Middle East, making it necessary to exam the roles of such
countries as Britain, France, Russia, and the United States. Spring semester,
odd-numbered years. Fulfills Global Diversity requirement.
HI 242 An Elusive Peace, Study Abroad in Israel/Palestine and Jordan 1 Cr
This study abroad course is designed to introduce students to the history, culture, politics, and religions of Israel/Palestine and Jordan, a region
uniquely shaped by a past and a present that includes three faiths all
worshipping the same God, membership in the same linguistic family, and
foreign intervention by Romans then crusaders, and finally Europe and the
US. Despite these commonalities, and a desire on the part of many who are
working daily for peace, this part of the world is also torn by animosities.
Offering students an opportunity to see first-hand the region’s rich history,
vibrant cultures, and passionate attachment to faith and to the land, this
program provides a better understanding of the role played by centuries of
history in the region’s volatile present and its uncertain future. Prerequisites:
HI 241 or 3 pre-departure meetings or permission of the instructor. Offered
summer, odd-numbered years.
HI 251 Introduction to East Asia 3 Cr
A survey of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean culture and history, with emphasis on the 19th and 20th centuries. Fall semester, even-numbered years. Fulfills Global Diversity requirement.
HI 271 History of Modern Latin America 3 Cr
A survey of the major trends in the political, social, economic and intellectual
development of Latin America since independence. The primary focus will
be on the histories of Mexico, Cuba, Brazil and Argentina, although examples from across the region will be studied. Offered at the discretion of the department. Fulfills Global Diversity requirement.
HI 291 Modern African History 3 Cr
A survey of Sub-Saharan African history from the eighteenth to the twenty-first centuries with an emphasis on formal colonization, colonialism,
decolonization, and post-colonial developments. Fall semester, even-numbered years. Fulfills the Global Diversity requirement.
HI 303 Renaissance History 3 Cr
Our thematic consideration of the Renaissance begins in Italy slightly before
a deadly round of plague in 1348, and ends c. 1600, as we follow its spread
across Europe. Rather than confining the Renaissance to a particular set of
dates, we will consider the people and forces that shaped this tumultuous
time, from popes and kings, to condottieri, artists, and humanists. Through
texts and images, students will discover a dynamic time of great art; new
ideas; busy mercantile piazze, bloody vendettas; encounters with new
peoples and places; religious turmoil; warfare; love; and political upheaval.
Fall semester, odd-numbered years. Fulfills writing intensive requirement.
HI 304 The Reformation and Age of Exploration 3 Cr
Beginning in the last decades of the fifteenth century, Europe experienced
two calls for religious reform, and entered an age of active exploration. The
first part of the course considers the complex political, economic, social,
and cultural milieu in which religious differences arose. The second part
examines European exploration to the Americas, around the Mediterranean,
India, and elsewhere. Spring semester, even-numbered years.
HI 307 The Cold War 3 Cr
This course will examine the history of the Cold War between the United
States and Soviet Union, from its origins during and after World War II to
the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The political, ideological, economic, and strategic aspects of the conflict will all be closely examined.
While much of the focus will be on the diplomatic tensions between the
superpowers that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war, the various
impacts of the Cold War on Europe, Asia, and the rest of the globe will also
be explored, helping to uncover the ways in which the Cold War’s legacy
continues to shape our world today. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.
Fulfills Writing Intensive requirement.
HI 309 Gender History 3 Cr
While feminism, masculinity, and gender as fields of study within the discipline of History are relative newcomers, complex and varied interactions
among people have existed since our first human ancestors. Beginning
with a short introduction to the science of sex and gender we consider the
possibility that while there may be two chromosomal sexes, constructs of
gender are more complex and nuanced. Throughout the semester we will
consider the many ways in which notions of women, men and gender are
shaped by a broad range of forces including history, culture, religion, and
place, as well as how gender norms and expectations have shaped the
world and its peoples. Utilizing a wide variety sources including scholarly
texts, art, literature, social media, and film, we will together consider questions of feminism and masculinity, the body and sexuality, marriage, faith,
and much more as not only integral to a better understanding of history,
but also part of conversations currently taking place among people all over
the world. Spring semester, even-numbered years.
HI 312 History of Ireland 3 Cr
This course begins with the first settlers to Ireland over 9,000 years ago,
and ends in the present. Under consideration will be the rich diversity that
has shaped Irish history including the Celts, Christianity, the native Irish,
English settlers, Protestantism, famine, music, sports, literature, the Irish
Republican Brotherhood/Army, the division of Ireland, and much more. Fall
semester, even-numbered years.
HI 314 History of Modern France 3 Cr
A history of France since 1715, with emphasis on the political, cultural
and social debates that have shaped the country since that time. Spring
semester, even-numbered years. Fulfills Writing Intensive requirement.
HI 316 History of Modern Germany 3 Cr
A history of Germany from 1648 to the present, with an emphasis on the
nineteenth and twentieth centuries and the questions of political unity,
Course Descriptions—HI: History 331
militarism and economic development. Fulfills Writing Intensive requirement. Offered at the discretion of the department.
HI 317 Interwar Europe 1919–1939 3 Cr
A wide ranging study of Europe between World War I and World War II,
1919–1939. Special emphasis is placed upon political, intellectual, social
cultural, economic and military developments during a critical phase of
modern European history. Offered at the discretion of the department.
HI 322 Civil War and Reconstruction 3 Cr
An investigation of the ideas, personalities, and events of the critical years
between 1830-1890. Includes an examination of abolitionists, sectionalism,
civil rights, and military action. Spring semester, even-numbered years.
HI 323 The United States since the 1970s 3 Cr
A critical examination of the political, social, and economic forces that
have shaped the United States since the 1970s. Themes will include the
interplay between political polarization, economic stagnation, and social
inequality at home, as well as the evolution of America’s global role as the
world’s only superpower. Placing current events in their historical context
will be a major aspect of the course. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.
HI 352 American–East Asian Relations 3 Cr
This course will explore the four major wars fought by the United States in
Asia in the modern era in the larger context of America’s changing role in
the world as it rose to superpower status: the Philippine-American War, the
Pacific War against Japan, the Korean War, and teh Vietnam War. Examining
each of these conflicts will help students appreciate the ways in which both
the United States and Asia have changed since the turn of the twentieth
century. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.
HI 382 World War II 3 Cr
This course will allow students to examine the period of the Second World
War in considerable depth. The origins of the war and subsequent diplomacy, the military dimension of the conflict, the Holocaust, and the impact
of the war away from the front lines will all be themes of the course. The
diversity of experience between 1939-1945 is striking. This course does not
attempt to be a survey, but rather will seek to give students the opportunity
to examine some of the most significant and controversial issues of the
period. Fall semester, even-numbered years.
HI 411 The Holocaust 3 Cr
An examination of the destruction of European Jewry within Nazi-dominated
Europe. The origins of, development of and response to the Holocaust will
be assessed using a variety of resources. Offered at the discretion of the
HI 421-422 American Diplomatic History 6 Cr
An analytical survey of major developments and trends in United States
diplomacy from the American Revolution to the present. Fall semester,
odd-numbered years, and spring semester, even-numbered years.
HI 486 Readings and Conference 1-3 Cr
An informal seminar course with readings and reports in selected periods
of history not covered in other classes offered by the history department
or other departments on campus. Prerequisite: Consent of the department
chairperson. Offered by arrangement with the instructor.
HI 493 Historical Research Practicum 3 Cr
A practical research course conducted at the Montana Historical Society.
Designed to familiarize research-oriented students with research, methodology, and historical materials. Prerequisite: Junior standing and consent of the instructor. Offered each semester on an arranged basis. This course
may be taken more than once.
HI 494 Historiography 3 Cr
A formal seminar which surveys theories and literature of history as seen
in the work of a variety of historians. Emphasis will be on methodological
and topical approaches. Required for all history majors. Recommended
for spring semester of the junior year. Fulfills Writing Intensive requirement.
Offered annually in the spring semester.
HI 495 Research Seminar in History 3 Cr
A formal seminar in which the students research, write, and evaluate major
papers based on primary and secondary source materials. This course
also serves as a preparatory seminar for students in the history major and
related fields who are writing senior theses in history. Offered annually in
the fall semester.