“A history degree from Carroll teaches one to be a critical thinker and to learn from past experiences.”
Department of History
HI 101-102 Topics in Global History 6 Cr
This course integrates social, political, and cultural history, acknowledging the important contributions of women and men from all strata of society —including the nobility, religious leaders, rural peasants, urban dwellers, merchants, and others. The first half of the History of Western Civilization begins with our first human ancestors and ends with the Age of Exploration in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. More than simply the grand narrative of the History of Western Civilization, this course places Western Civilization within the much larger context of the global history of which it was a part. Required for all history majors. Offered annually in the fall (HI 101) and the spring (HI 102).
HI 121-122 History of the United States 6 Cr
An introductory survey of the American experience from the Age of Exploration to the present, with emphasis on those national traits which continue to influence American attitudes and actions. Required of all history majors. Offered annually annually in the fall (HI 121) and the spring (HI 122). HI 121 fulfills the National Diversity requirement.
HI 204 Medieval History 3 Cr
This semester we will look at Medieval Europe from the collapse of the Western Roman Empire (c. 410) to the arrival of the plague in 1348. Against the backdrop of daily life in Medieval Europe, we will consider a broad range of ideas and texts from the philosophy of Boethius to the Letters of St. Catherine of Siena; and from courtly romance to the Crusades. Far more than just the Dark Ages, our consideration of Medieval Europe includes monks on the trail of a murderer, kings and their subjects, and even mythical heroes such as King Arthur and Robin Hood (and of course, Maid Marion). Fall semester, even-numbered years.
HI 205 Nineteenth Century Europe 3 Cr
This course covers the history of Modern Europe from 1789 to the decade before World War I, organized around political, social, and economic developments and conflicts. As we explore the ways nineteenth-century Europeans grappled with the creation of the modern world, the course will address several specific themes, including the tension between liberty and control in modernizing states, new belief systems (ideologies), migrations, imperialism, reform movements, and cultural developments. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.
HI 214 20th Century Europe 3 Cr
This course examines Europe’s 20th century, starting with Europe at the height of its relative wealth, power, and population in 1900 and continuing through war, trauma, division, and resurgence to the year 2000. We will survey major political, economic, social, and intellectual events and trends from several perspectives including individual experience, culture, and geopolitics, emphasizing the role of ideology. The course includes lectures, discussions, readings, and two papers. Country assignments will help students bring national perspectives to class, and special assignments will help students tie past events to present-day issues and controversies.
HI 224 History of the American West 3 Cr
A topical study of the American West from the late 18th through the 20th centuries. Special emphasis on the myths and symbolism of the West, and on the West’s impact on the nation’s attitudes and values. Fall semester, even-numbered years.
HI 231 Montana and the West 3 Cr
An introductory survey of Montana’s past and its importance in the development of the West, from the period of exploration to the present. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.
HI 239 History of the Ancient Mediterranean 3 Cr
The history of the Mediterranean is a survey of ancient civilizations around the Mediterranean basin, specifically Greece, Rome and the Near East to the rise of Islam in the seventh century AD. Consideration will also be given to Ancient Egypt and Mediterranean connections to the Silk Road. The course focuses on the cultural interactions and exchanges that took place around the Mediterranean: material, cultural, religious and social; the importance of merchants and trade networks; and the Mediterranean Sea as a space both connected and conflicted. Spring semester, even-numbered years.
HI 241 History of the Modern Middle East 3 Cr
For purposes of this class, the modern Middle East is defined as 1914–present, territorially and politically stretching from Egypt to Iran, including Israel/Palestine, the Arabian Peninsula, and Turkey. As time allows, we will consider North Africa as a region with cultural, linguistic, and religious ties to the Middle East but also very different, as well as Afghanistan, and Pakistan. This course carefully considers how history, culture, politics, economics, and geography, as well as all three Abrahamic faiths—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—shaped the region’s past, are inextricably tied to its present, and help us think about what the future might hold. This class also addresses matters of gender, violence, terrorism, and the chances for a lasting peace. Finally, colonialism and imperialism continue to resonate throughout the Middle East, making it necessary to exam the roles of such countries as Britain, France, Russia, and the United States. Spring semester, odd-numbered years. Fulfills Global Diversity requirement.
HI 242 An Elusive Peace, Study Abroad in Israel/Palestine and Jordan 1 Cr
This study abroad course is designed to introduce students to the history, culture, politics, and religions of Israel/Palestine and Jordan, a region uniquely shaped by a past and a present that includes three faiths all worshipping the same God, membership in the same linguistic family, and foreign intervention by Romans then crusaders, and finally Europe and the US. Despite these commonalities, and a desire on the part of many who are working daily for peace, this part of the world is also torn by animosities. Offering students an opportunity to see first-hand the region’s rich history, vibrant cultures, and passionate attachment to faith and to the land, this program provides a better understanding of the role played by centuries of history in the region’s volatile present and its uncertain future. Prerequisites: HI 241 or 3 pre-departure meetings or permission of the instructor. Offered summer, odd-numbered years.
HI 251 Introduction to East Asia 3 Cr
A survey of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean culture and history, with emphasis on the 19th and 20th centuries. Fall semester, even-numbered years. Fulfills Global Diversity requirement.
HI 271 History of Modern Latin America 3 Cr
A survey of the major trends in the political, social, economic and intellectual development of Latin America since independence. The primary focus will be on the histories of Mexico, Cuba, Brazil and Argentina, although examples from across the region will be studied. Offered at the discretion of the department. Fulfills Global Diversity requirement.
HI 291 Modern African History 3 Cr
A survey of Sub-Saharan African history from the eighteenth to the twenty-first centuries with an emphasis on formal colonization, colonialism, decolonization, and post-colonial developments. Fall semester, even-numbered years. Fulfills the Global Diversity requirement.
HI 303 Renaissance History 3 Cr
Our thematic consideration of the Renaissance begins in Italy slightly before a deadly round of plague in 1348, and ends c. 1600, as we follow its spread across Europe. Rather than confining the Renaissance to a particular set of dates, we will consider the people and forces that shaped this tumultuous time, from popes and kings, to condottieri, artists, and humanists. Through texts and images, students will discover a dynamic time of great art; new ideas; busy mercantile piazze, bloody vendettas; encounters with new peoples and places; religious turmoil; warfare; love; and political upheaval. Fall semester, odd-numbered years. Fulfills writing intensive requirement.
HI 304 The Reformation and Age of Exploration 3 Cr
Beginning in the last decades of the fifteenth century, Europe experienced two calls for religious reform, and entered an age of active exploration. The first part of the course considers the complex political, economic, social, and cultural milieu in which religious differences arose. The second part examines European exploration to the Americas, around the Mediterranean, India, and elsewhere. Spring semester, even-numbered years.
HI 307 The Cold War 3 Cr
This course will examine the history of the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union, from its origins during and after World War II to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The political, ideological, economic, and strategic aspects of the conflict will all be closely examined. While much of the focus will be on the diplomatic tensions between the superpowers that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war, the various impacts of the Cold War on Europe, Asia, and the rest of the globe will also be explored, helping to uncover the ways in which the Cold War’s legacy continues to shape our world today. Spring semester, odd-numbered years. Fulfills Writing Intensive requirement.
HI 309 Gender History 3 Cr
While feminism, masculinity, and gender as fields of study within the discipline of History are relative newcomers, complex and varied interactions among people have existed since our first human ancestors. Beginning with a short introduction to the science of sex and gender we consider the possibility that while there may be two chromosomal sexes, constructs of gender are more complex and nuanced. Throughout the semester we will consider the many ways in which notions of women, men and gender are shaped by a broad range of forces including history, culture, religion, and place, as well as how gender norms and expectations have shaped the world and its peoples. Utilizing a wide variety sources including scholarly texts, art, literature, social media, and film, we will together consider questions of feminism and masculinity, the body and sexuality, marriage, faith, and much more as not only integral to a better understanding of history, but also part of conversations currently taking place among people all over
the world. Spring semester, even-numbered years.
HI 311 History of Modern Britain 3 Cr
This course traces the rise and development of Britain over the past three centuries, covering the major social, political, economic, and cultural developments of this influential part of the world. Topics will include the evolution and disintegration of the British Empire, the Industrial Revolution, the development of parliamentary institutions and the changing constellations of political rights, British foreign relations (including war and diplomacy), and the quest for a post-imperial role. Offered at the discretion of the department.
HI 312 History of Ireland 3 Cr
This course begins with the first settlers to Ireland over 9,000 years ago, and ends in the present. Under consideration will be the rich diversity that has shaped Irish history including the Celts, Christianity, the native Irish, English settlers, Protestantism, famine, music, sports, literature, the Irish Republican Brotherhood/Army, the division of Ireland, and much more. Fall semester, even-numbered years.
HI 314 History of Modern France 3 Cr
A history of France since 1715, with emphasis on the political, cultural and social debates that have shaped the country since that time. Spring semester, even-numbered years. Fulfills Writing Intensive requirement.
HI 316 History of Modern Germany 3 Cr
A history of Germany from 1648 to the present, with an emphasis on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and the questions of political unity, Course Descriptions—HI: History 331 militarism and economic development. Fulfills Writing Intensive requirement. Offered at the discretion of the department.
HI 317 Interwar Europe 1919–1939 3 Cr
A wide ranging study of Europe between World War I and World War II, 1919–1939. Special emphasis is placed upon political, intellectual, social cultural, economic and military developments during a critical phase of modern European history. Offered at the discretion of the department.
HI 318 The Holocaust 3 Cr
An examination of the destruction of European Jewry within Nazi-dominated Europe. The origins of, development of and response to the Holocaust will be assessed using a variety of resources. Offered at the discretion of the department.
HI 322 Slavery and the Civil War 3 Cr
HI 322 Slavery and the Civil War 3 Cr The Civil War was the gravest crisis the United States has ever faced and remains to this day the deadliest war in American history, having taken over 600,000 American lives. Even now, 150 years since the end of the war, historians still debate the major questions surrounding this compelling period in American history. This course will examine the major political, economic, and social developments that led to the American Civil War, the military, political, and social aspects of the war itself, and the 12-year period of Reconstruction following the war. Major questions to be explored include, was the war inevitable or could it have been avoided? Why did the North win and the South lose—could the result have been different? How exactly should Reconstruction be defined and remembered, and how do its failures and successes continue to shape American life today? Spring semester, even-numbered years.
HI 323 The United States since 1980 3 Cr
A critical examination of the political, social, and economic forces that have shaped the United States since the 1970s. Themes will include the interplay between political polarization, economic stagnation, and social inequality at home, as well as the evolution of America’s global role as the world’s only superpower. Placing current events in their historical context will be a major aspect of the course. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.
HI 342 American Diplomatic History 3 Cr
An analytical survey of major developments and trends in United States diplomacy from the 1898 to the present. Major issues include American imperialism, the World Wars, Cold War, and War on Terrorism.Spring semester, even-numbered years.
HI 352 American–East Asian Relations 3 Cr
This course will explore the four major wars fought by the United States in Asia in the modern era in the larger context of America’s changing role in the world as it rose to superpower status: the Philippine-American War, the Pacific War against Japan, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. Examining each of these conflicts will help students appreciate the ways in which both the United States and Asia have changed since the turn of the twentieth century. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.
HI 382 World War II 3 Cr
This course will allow students to examine the period of the Second World War in considerable depth. The origins of the war and subsequent diplomacy, the military dimension of the conflict, the Holocaust, and the impact of the war away from the front lines will all be themes of the course. The diversity of experience between 1939-1945 is striking. This course does not attempt to be a survey, but rather will seek to give students the opportunity to examine some of the most significant and controversial issues of the period. Fall semester, even-numbered years.
HI 486 Readings and Conference 1-3 Cr
An informal seminar course with readings and reports in selected periods of history not covered in other classes offered by the history department or other departments on campus. Prerequisite: Consent of the department chairperson. Offered by arrangement with the instructor.
HI 493 Historical Research Practicum 3 Cr
A practical research course conducted at the Montana Historical Society. Designed to familiarize research-oriented students with research, methodology, and historical materials. Prerequisite: Junior standing and consent of the instructor. Offered each semester on an arranged basis. This course may be taken more than once.
HI 494 Historiography 3 Cr
A formal seminar which surveys theories and literature of history as seen in the work of a variety of historians. Emphasis will be on methodological and topical approaches. Required for all history majors. Recommended for spring semester of the junior year. Fulfills Writing Intensive requirement. Offered annually in the spring semester.
HI 495 Research Seminar in History 3 Cr
A formal seminar in which the students research, write, and evaluate major papers based on primary and secondary source materials. This course also serves as a preparatory seminar for students in the history major and related fields who are writing senior theses in history. Offered annually in the fall semester.