Carroll College, Helena Montana

Course Descriptions

Anthrozoology Course Descriptions

Tie UpANZ 107 Introduction to Anthrozoology 3 Cr
Anthrozoology is the study of interactions and relationships between humans and non-human animals. We explore the evolution of the roles non-human animals play in human society. We consider the benefits humans receive from and the responsibilities we have toward other species. We discuss research that unviels the amazing health benefits humans accrue when they share their lives with other species. Students learn about psychological, sociological, and physiological factors invovled in these relationships, and study the many services animals provide for humans beyond food and labor. This is a required class for Anthrozoology majors and minors and a prerequisite for ANZ108. This class is the first step toward preparing students for a multitude of careers in which animals play an important role. Fall semester.

ANZ 108 Survey of Animals in Service 3 Cr
The main objective of this course is to expose students broadly to the
many and varied ways that animals provide service for humans. We study how non-human animals interact with human society to improve the well-being of communities and build social capital. This course embodies a partnership between Carroll College and various organizations in the region and across the state. These entities and individuals discuss with students the important work performed by animals with whom they partner. Students have the opportunity to provide service to the community through a group project based on human-animal interactions to improve the well-being of communities. Limited to students in the ANZ major or minor. Prerequisite: ANZ 107 or consent of instructor. Spring semester.

ANZ 221 Canine Science: Nature of Dogs 4 Cr
This course explores the history and evolution of the relationships between domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) and humans. The course largely focuses on the developmental lifespan of dogs and emphasizes the following topics: genetics/breeds, anatomy and physiology, sensation, behavior, and cognition. The course also involves direct observations and interactions with dogs. Critical evaluation of research and training in canine science is an essential component of the course. An understanding of basic care, including safety, nutrition, and socialization are goals of the course. Students should develop skills and knowledge to properly care for and provide a healthy environment for various types of dogs. Lab fee required. This course includes a Lab section, ANZ 221L. Prerequisites: ANZ 107, 108; Biology 102, or 171, or 201. Spring semester.

ANZ 231 Historical Perspectives: Horses & Humans 3 Cr
An introductory course examining the relationship between horses and humans in the physical world, as well as the inner psychological world. We investigate the relationship from a historical perspective. We assess the evolving relationship by asking two main questions: 1) What was the process of this evolution? and 2) How does that process inform our contemporary relationship with horses? Prerequisite: ANZ 108. Fall semester.

ANZ 233 Basic Equine Skills 2 Cr
This class provides students with hands-on horse experience. The primary objective is to learn how to keep yourself, other people, and horses physically and psychologically safe during interactions with each other. Horses are large, sentient beings with independent minds and wills. Relationships with them can be very powerful, exciting, and rewarding. Horses and humans have been interacting for thousands of years; there is no "right" way to build a meaningful relationship with them. However, there are practices and procedures that help ensure positive outcomes. The most important are 1) observational skills 2) knowledge of horse behavior, and 3) interpretations of intention and emotions; both one's own and the horse's. This lab provides guidance and opportunities to perfect those important equestrian skills. Students observe and interact with horses through guided exercises to promote the developement of the skils above. These include herd observations, working with horses, and observing and working with classmates who are engaged with horses. Lab fee required. This course includes a lab section, ANZ233L. Prerequisite: ANZ 107 or 108, or consent of instructor.  


ANZ 252  Wild Animals and Society 3 Cr
This course engages students in an exploration of the meaning and value of connecting with wild animals. It provides a comprehensive and foundational examination of people's interactions with wild animals. It compliments current Anthrozoology course offerings that pertain to human interactions with domesticated animals. The course draws on readings for a variety of backgrounds to frame the human-wildlife connection as a desire to interact and connect with nature. This is a way to overcome the growing separation between humans and nature, and advances the well-being of people and wildlife. The goal is to increase students' personal effectiveness in Anthrozoology through a greater understanding of diverse perspectives related to wildlife issues. Students work individually and in groups to identify solutions to contemporary wildlife issues and policies that have, at their core, diverging perspectives of the value of wildlife. Students will learn and practice the scientific method by conducting a social science survey that explores people's views of wildlife. Prerequisite: ANZ 108. Spring semester.

ANZ 309 Research Methods (WI) 3Cr
This is an introduction to descriptive, experimental, and quasi-experimental research methods. Students learn about the role of an Institutional Review Board (IRB) and an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC.) They will submit an application to an IRB or IACUC, depending on each student's research topic. Descriptive data methods include distributions, normative data analysis, and correlations. Experimental and quasi-experimental methods include using group and single-subject designs, analysis using basis inferential statistics (ex. t-tests, and analysis of variance) and visual analysis. The class focuses on designing effective research studies, accurately analyzing data, and critical thinking skills. Examples in class and reviewed literature will focus on topics within Anthrozoology. Students will complete a comprehensive research project and paper. This fulfills the Writing Intensive (WI) requirement. This class is designed to prepare students for research at the graduate level. Prerequisites: Junior status, ANZ major, and MA 207. Fall semester. 

ANZ 310 Research Methods 3 Cr
The same research methods class as ANZ 309 with two exceptions: ANZ 310 does not include the Writing Intensive and the research project is less comprehensive. Fall semester. 

ANZ 321 Introduction to Canine Training 4 Cr
Based on information leaned in Canine Scince and Fundamentals of Learning, students apply their knowledge of dog handling, care, safety, and training. Students have both the opportunity and responsibility of caring for and training a dog. Basic obedience and responsible dog ownership is the focus of this course. Students learn about and participate in methods used for dog selection. We explore key issues involved in training, such as attachment, communication, and developmental deadlines. We discuss and evaluate various approaches to obedience. Multiple approaches to obedience training are discussed and evaluated. Various assessments are made during the course, to assess students' knowledge and skill regarding dog care, handling and training techniques. Fostering a dog is optional (see ANZ 321L.) This course includes both written and oral evaluation techniques. Course fee required. Prerequisites: ANZ 221 and PSY 202 or PSY 307. Fall semester.

ANZ 321L Introduction to Canine Training 2 Cr
This lab is for those students who foster and train an assigned dog or participate in training while not fostering. Students enroll for 2 credits when fostering. Must be enrolled in ANZ 321 and have consent of the instructor to foster a dog. Fall semester.

ANZ 322 Advanced Canine Training: Application and Principles 4 Cr
This course emphasizes advanced training techniques. Multiple approaches to obedience training continue to be discussed and evaluated. Critical evaluation of training methods is an essential part of this course. Specialized training purposes are explored, such as service, therapy, scent-tracking, search and rescue, livestock use, etc. Federal (ADA) and state laws are discussed. Career opportunities in canine science are also investigated. Program affiliates are engaged to discuss practical applications of canine training, career options, and working with special needs clients and further developing and understanding of the human-canine bond. Fostering a dog is optional (see ANZ 322L). This course includes both written and oral evaluation techniques. Course fee required. Prerequisites: ANZ 321. Spring semester.

ANZ 322L Advanced Canine Training 2 Cr
This lab is a continuation of ANZ321L for those students who foster and train an assigned dog, or participate in training while not fostering. Students enroll for 2 credits when fostering. Must be enrolled in ANZ 322. Spring semester.

ANZ 332 Equine Science: Nature of Horses 4 Cr
This course focuses on a scientific understanding of the horse. It is designed to provide students more in-depth information about horse behavior, physiology, and wellness. Understanding the nature of horses contributes to their care and management. Understanding their physical needs and social behavior contributes to a safe and rewarding relationship with these animals. The laboratory component of the class teaches students about the care and management of horses. Students learn specific skills necessary for owning a horse and/or working in or managing a stable. Guided instruction will be provided on topics such as first aid, vaccinations, hoof care, horse transport, care and use of tack, pasture management, feeding, manure management, and equitation. Lab fee required. This course includes a Lab section. Prerequisites: ANZ 107, 108, and 231 and 233; plus BI 102, BI 171, or BI 201. Spring semester.

ANZ 431 Equine Assisted Activities & Therapies 4 Cr
This course studies the variety of methods used in partnering equines and humans for physiological and psychological benefit. Hippotherapy, therapeutic riding, and equine assisted/facilitated mental health services will be investigated. In addition ethics, standards, training, and research will be examined. Lab fee required. This course includes a Lab section, ANZ 331L. Prerequisites: ANZ 107,108,231, 233, or permission by instructor. Fall semester.

ANZ 441 Animal Behavior 3 Cr
Students learn how scientists investigate and interpret the reason and the causes of animal behaviors. There are four general approaches to the study of animal behavior including: evolutionary, ontogenetic, proximate mechanisms, and functional consequences. Students learn how to apply these different approaches to the study of both domestic and wild animals. The development of normal and abnormal behavior is an important component of this course. ANZ or BIO majors only or permission of the instructor. Fall semester. May qualify for Writing Intensive (WI.)

ANZ 442 The Science of Animal Welfare 3 Cr
This course explore issues involving the use of animals in agriculture, science, education and society. Students examine the scientific research involved in understanding and improving domestic animal welfare and the philosophical positions on the use of animals. Topics addressed will include the physiological components of animal well-being, the concept of quality of life, the history of the humane movement, and the changing role of animals in society. The course includes reading, discussion, critical thinking, literature searches, and student presentations. Prerequisite: ANZ 441. Spring semester.

Learning Outcomes

GradsThe courses in this program cover:

  • Understand and appreciate the complex relationship humans have with other animals
  • Research into the effectiveness of companion and service animals for human health and well-being
  • Identification, training, and understanding how dogs are selected and placed for service
  • Horsemanship skill development and equine management
  • Experiential learning through working with dogs and horses
  • Working with affiliates in therapeutic programs for clients within the community


Students and faculty will be conducting research in areas such as:

  • Efficacy of treatments
  • Nature of relationships
  • Impact on animals
  • Genetics and breeding