Carroll College, Helena Montana

Course Descriptions

Anthrozoology Course Descriptions

Tie UpANZ 107 Introduction to Anthrozoology 3 Cr
This freshman level course is designed to introduce students to the changing roles of animals in society. The course will explore the relationship between humans and animals—including domestic and wild animals. Students will learn about the process of domestication and socialization of animals in our culture and in other cultures. “Attachment theory,” the biological basis of bonding, critical periods of development, and importance of enrichment for animals in  captivity will be introduced. Animal welfare and ethics will be an important component of this course. Fall semester.

ANZ 108 Survey of Animals in Service 3 Cr
The main objective of this course is to expose students broadly to the
many and varied ways that animals provide service for humans. It will also cover agencies that work with animals outside the specific role of “service or therapy” such as the Humane Society; the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks; the Audubon Society; police; etc. Students will become more aware of what it is like to have a disability and how animals play a role in assistance. This course requires a partnership between Carroll College and various organizations and individuals in the greater Helena area. These agencies and individuals will discuss with our students the important work performed by the animals that share their lives. This course is a continuation of concepts and themes developed in ANZ 107. Limited to students in the ANZ major or minor. Prerequisite: ANZ 107 or consent of instructor. Spring semester.

ANZ 221 Canine Science: Nature of Dogs 4 Cr
This course further explores the history and evolution of the relations between domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) and humans. The course will largely focus on the developmental lifespan of dogs and will emphasize the following topics: genetics/breeds, anatomy and physiology, sensation, behavior, and cognition. The course will also involve direct observations and interactions with dogs and puppies. Critical evaluation of research and training in canine science is an essential component of the course. An understanding of basic care, including safety, nutrition, and socialization are goals of the course. Students should develop skills and knowledge to properly care for and provide a healthy environment for various types of dogs. Lab fee required. This course includes a Lab section, ANZ 221L. Prerequisites: ANZ 107, ANZ 108. Spring semester.

ANZ 231 Historical Perspectives: Horses & Humans 3 Cr
This course explores approximately 6,000 years of horse-human relationship development and reveals the impact that this relationship has had upon human life. Students will learn about the role of the horse in religious teachings, mythology,  warfare, trade, and the spread of language throughout the world. This course focuses on the impact and importance of the
human-equine bond as it relates to societal and cultural development. It is designed to be taken concurrently with ANZ 231L. Fall semester.

ANZ 231L Basic Equine Skills 1 Cr
Students will engage in hands-on activities with horses that teach concepts of human-equine bonding, general equine safety, and awareness such as human behavior around horses, interpreting equine communication, safe haltering, leading, tying, and grooming practices. Students will also learn basic riding skills. It is designed to be taken concurrently with ANZ 231.
Prerequisite: ANZ 107 or 108 or consent of instructor.

BarnANZ 232 Equine Science: Nature of Horses 4 Cr
This course is designed to provide students more in-depth information about horse behavior, physiology, and wellness. Understanding the nature of horses contributes to their care and management. Understanding their physical needs and social behavior contributes to a safe and rewarding relationship with these animals. This class is designed to teach students about horses including their care and management. It takes many years of experience to be a competent horse manager. This course will provide foundational information toward that goal along with specific skill development for managing an equine operation. Lab fee required. This course includes a Lab section, ANZ 232L. Prerequisites: ANZ 107, 108, and 231 or permission by instructor. Spring semester.

ANZ 321 Introduction to Canine Training 4 Cr
Based on information learned in Canine Science and Fundamentals of Learning, students will apply their knowledge of dog handling, care, safety, and training. During this course students have both the opportunity and responsibility for caring for and training a dog. Basic dog obedience and responsible dog ownership will be the focus of the course. Students will
learn about and participate in methods used for dog selection. Key issues involved in training, such as attachment, communication, and developmental deadlines will be explored. Multiple approaches to obedience training will be discussed and evaluated. Working with assigned dogs is required and various assessments are made during the course of students’ skill and knowledge regarding dog care, handling and training techniques. Fostering a dog is optional (see ANZ 321L). This course includes both written and oral evaluation techniques. Course fee required. Prerequisites: ANZ 221. Fall semester.

ANZ 321L Introduction to Canine Training 2 Cr
This lab is for those students who foster and train an assigned dog. Must be enrolled in ANZ 321. Fall semester.

ANZ 322 Advanced Canine Training: 4 Cr
Application and Principles This course emphasized advanced training techniques. Multiple approaches to obedience training will continue to be discussed and evaluated. Critical evaluation of training methods is an essential part of the course. Different specialized training purposes are explored, such as service, therapy, scent-tracking, search and rescue, livestock use, etc. Federal (ADA) and state laws will be discussed. Career opportunities in canine science are also
investigated. Program affiliates are engaged to discuss practical applications of canine training, including highlighting career options, discussing working with clients with special needs, such as those with disabilities, and further developing an understanding of the human-canine bond. Fostering a dog is optional (see ANZ 322L). This course includes both written and oral evaluation techniques. Course fee required. Prerequisites: ANZ 321 and permission from professor following review of application. Spring semester.

ANZ 322L Advanced Canine Training 2 Cr
This Lab is for those students who foster and train an assigned dog. Must be enrolled in ANZ 322. Spring semester.

ANZ 331 Equine Assisted Activities & Therapies 4 Cr
This course studies the variety of methods used in partnering equines and humans for physiological and psychological benefit. Hippotherapy, therapeutic riding, and equine assisted/facilitated mental health services will be investigated. In addition ethics, standards, training, and research will be examined. Lab fee required. This course includes a Lab section, ANZ 331L. Prerequisites: ANZ 107,108,231, 232, or permission by instructor. Fall semester.

ANZ 441 Animal Behavior 3 Cr
In this class students will learn how scientists investigate and interpret the reason and the causes of animal behaviors. There are four general approaches to the study of animal behavior including: evolutionary, ontogenetic, proximate mechanisms, and functional consequences. Students will learn how to apply these different approaches to the study of both domestic and wild animals. The development of normal and abnormal behavior will be an important component of this course. ANZ or BIO majors only or permission of the instructor. Fall semester. May qualify for intensive writing.

ANZ 442 The Science of Animal Welfare 3 Cr
This course will explore issues involving the use of animals in agriculture, science, education and society. Students will examine the scientific research involved in understanding and improving domestic animal welfare and the philosophical positions on the use of animals. Topics addressed will include the physiological components of animal well-being, the concept of quality of life, the history of the humane movement, and the changing role of animals in society. The course will include reading, discussion, critical thinking, literature searches and student presentations. Prerequisite: ANZ 441. Spring semester. May fulfill Writing Intensive requirement.

Learning Outcomes

GradsThe courses in this program cover:

  • Understand and appreciate the complex relationship humans have with other animals
  • Research into the effectiveness of companion and service animals for human health and well-being
  • Identification, training, and understanding how dogs are selected and placed for service
  • Horsemanship skill development and equine management
  • Experiential learning through working with dogs and horses
  • Working with affiliates in therapeutic programs for clients within the community


Students and faculty will be conducting research in areas such as:

  • Efficacy of treatments
  • Nature of relationships
  • Impact on animals
  • Genetics and breeding