Carroll College, Helena Montana

Course Descriptions

PHIL: Ethics and Values Studies Courses


PHIL 107 Ethics 3 Cr
An analysis of the basic moral concepts of goodness, right, and obligation and an overview of the ways in which these concepts operate in such contexts as society, religion, and the law. Applications of these discussions to contemporary moral issues. Each semester.

PHIL 324 Ethical Theory 3 Cr
An intensive exploration of enduring theoretical issues in ethics such as relative and absolute moral laws, subjective and objective components of moral knowledge, the relation of facts in nature to human values, and the place of reason in ethical decisions. Prerequisite: Previous philosophy course or consent of instructor. Spring semester, even-numbered years. Fulfills Writing Intensive requirement.

PHIL 496 Ethical Issues in Contemporary Media 3 Cr
The media’s presentation of contemporary ethical issues has brought many of these into popular discourse. This seminar will review specific media presentations of these issues, clarify their philosophical implications, and discuss various resolutions based on recognized ethical theories. Fall semester, even-numbered years.


PHIL 151 Ancient Philosophy 3 Cr
An examination of philosophical speculation through its origins in the Greek and Roman worlds. Special emphasis on the idealism of Plato and the realism of Aristotle as the systematic foundations of Western thought. Each semester.

PHIL 202 Medieval Philosophy 3 Cr

Latin thought from early Christian times through the late Middle Ages and Renaissance. Emphasis on the great neo-Platonic and neo-Aristotelian syntheses. Some acquaintance with Plato and Aristotle would be helpful. Spring semester.

PHIL 303 Modern Philosophy 3 Cr
The leading participants in the philosophical dialogue of the 17th though 19th centuries, including British empiricism, Continental rationalism, and German idealism. Prerequisite: Previous philosophy course or consent of instructor. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

PHIL 304 Contemporary Philosophy 3 Cr
An investigation of recent traditions and problems within philosophy and a discussion of philosophical issues raised in contemporary literature, focusing on developments in 20th century culture and society. Prerequisite: Previous philosophy course or consent of instructor. Spring semester, even-numbered years.


PHIL 206 Environmental Ethics 3 Cr
Environmental Ethics studies how human beings conceptualize their concern for the environment, their place in nature, and the kind of world in which people might flourish. The class questions what the extent and basis of that concern might be, by studying proposed philosophical approaches to environmental and ecological issues. Spring semester, even-numbered years.

PHIL 207 Business Ethics 3 Cr
The philosophical examination of business and business life and their relationship to the good life. Includes an analysis of economic justice, corporate and personal responsibility, moral conflicts, human rights, and the meaning of work. Case studies to assist students to make rationally defensible moral judgments. Fall semester.

PHIL 208 Bioethics 3 Cr

A critical examination of moral issues that arise in medicine and related fields, including the right to life, informed consent, confidentiality, medical experimentation, reproductive control, and allocation of scarce resources. Case studies to assist students to make rationally defensible moral judgments in accord with sound moral principles. Spring semester.

CO 308 Communication Ethics 3 Cr
Course seeks to deepen insights into ethical issues arising on all frontiers of communication, ranging from small groups to news media. Students will read case studies of ethical crises and learn to apply philosophical and religious ethical principles to those crises. Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.


ART110 Art Appreciation.

CO 280 Gender Communication 3 Cr
Examination of interactive relationships between gender and communication in contemporary American society. Course will explore ways that communication creates and perpetuates gender roles and how socially created gender roles are enacted in public and private settings. Students will connect research to everyday lives. Prerequisite: Sophomore status absolutely required. Spring, odd-numbered years. Fulfills National Diversity requirement.

PHIL 121 Philosophy of Human Being 3 Cr
An introduction to philosophy through a consideration of the human orientation to knowledge, meaning, and values, as well as the human possession of body, spirit, and freedom. A critique of the concepts of human being found in traditional and contemporary sources. Subject matter is particularly useful to students in biology, psychology and the social sciences. Each Fall; Spring semester, odd-numbered years.

PHIL 255 Philosophy of Art and Beauty 3 Cr
An analysis of concepts used in discussions of art and beauty and an attempt to understand various art forms (such as the visual arts, music, and literature). The nature of art criticism and the purpose of art. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

PHIL 256 Social and Political Philosophy 3 Cr
A critical review of theories of political, social, and economic organization. Analysis of the philosophical foundations of these accounts and their consequences. Spring semester. May fulfill Writing Intensive requirement.

PHIL 261 Philosophy and Gender 3 Cr

An investigation of main concepts and key issues at the heart of genderfeminist studies. Particular attention is devoted to the examination of major theories, their specific contribution, their critique, and the broad spectrum of perspectives at stake. Students who have not had a previous philosophy course should consult with the course instructor prior to registering. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

PHIL 315 20th Century European Philosophy 3 Cr
An investigation of the most salient movements in philosophy that have developed in 20th century Europe. These include: Existentialism, Phenomenology, Hermeneutics, Structuralism, Post-Structuralism and Critical theory. Prerequisite: previous philosophy course or consent of instructor. Fall semester, even-numbered years.

PO 250   Topics in American Politics   3 Cr
An introduction to the major public policy issues in American politics. Course examines the creation and definition of public issues as well as the formulation of public policy solutions. The problems and issues examined will reflect dominant national concerns. Spring semester.

PO 342   War and Peace   3 Cr
Presents a critical examination of contending conceptions of international security, the policy making process as it relates to the formulation of national security priorities, and the role of weapons and force in foreign policy. In short, we will examine age-old questions pertaining to war and peace in the contemporary world. Spring semester, even numbered years.

SO 200  Social Problems  3 Cr
An in-depth examination and discussion of selected American social prob-lems, including poverty, sexism, racism, family violence, and health issues. Recommendations for alleviation of the problems with a social justice viewpoint. Prerequisite: SO 101. Fulfills National Diversity requirement. Fall semester.

SO/AN 208  The Family  3 Cr
Anthropological and sociological investigation of the marriage and family institutions in various cultures and their influences upon both individuals and social organizations. Analysis of family communications; one’s choices in relationships; parenting; life transitions; and roles of gender, property, power, and love in marriage and family. Prerequisite: SO 101 or consent of instructor. Fulfills National Diversity requirement. Fall semester, odd-num-bered years.

SO 215  Contemporary Issues in Rural and Urban Sociology   3 Cr
This course examines sociological processes in the urbanization of soci-eties. Problems concerning both rural and urban life will be covered, as well as efforts to build community from the local level to that of the “global village”. The conflicting interests that farmers, ranchers, environmentalists, developers, urban planners, business, government and other groups have in these issues are presented and analyzed. Prerequisite: SO 101. Fulfills National Diversity requirement. Fall semester, even-numbered years.

SO 225  Sociology of Gender  3 Cr
While there are biological differences between the sexes, in this course we will explore the social aspects of gender from a sociological perspective. From this view, gender is treated as separate from sex, because gender is the study of differing social expectations for people according to their sex. We will examine how gender is defined, constructed, and reinforced within society, and how all this relates to gender identities and gender inequality. With a critical eye on gender’s social construction, we will address issues of gender acquisition and explore the interactions between gender and other socially-constructed categories such as race/ethnicity and class as well as social institutions. Prerequisites: SO 101, PSY 105, or CO 101. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

SO/AN 317  Ethnic and Racial Relations  3 Cr
An anthropological and sociological examination of ethnic and racial real-tions and identities within and between different socio-cultural groups. This includes an analysis of beliefs about ethnicity and race, focusing on their development through historical processes. Prerequisite: SO 101. Fulfills National Diversity requirement. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

SO 351  Medical Sociology  3 Cr
Course develops an appreciation of the role of sociology and social sciences in the study of health and medical care. Interactions between patients and medical professionals; function and problems in health care systems; deprofessionalization of doctors, and other problems confronting modern medical care are also analyzed from a sociological perspective. Recommended for those considering a career in public health, health science, medicine, health care delivery, or social work. Prerequisite: SO 101 or consent of instructor. Spring semester. Fulfills National Diversity requirement.

SO 360   Environmental Sociology  3 Cr
This course will examine the relationships between human society and the natural environment with a particular emphasis on how different social classes, races and genders experience or affect the environment. We will study how factors such as consumption, population growth, development, technology, political ideologies and social movements affect the identification, emergence and resolutions of environmental problems—from local to global levels. By the end of the course students will be able to think critically about the relationships between the social and the natural worlds, and will analyze and begin to suggest solutions to contemporary environmental problems. Prerequisite: SO 101. Fall semester, even-numbered years.

TH 220   Moral Theology  3 Cr
An introduction to moral decision making and moral action in light of biblical principles and changing contexts. Each year.

TH 222  Heath Care Ethics  3 Cr
In this course, we will examine fundamental ethical theories, the basis of these theories in the Judeo-Christian understanding of the nature of the human person, and the application of these theories to practical matters within medicine and health care. The approach to ethics we pursue in this course will be grounded primarily in a Western philosophical and theologi-cal context, and will focus especially on the moral teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.

TH 263   Modern Catholic Social Teaching*   3 Cr.
A study of the cultural, political, and economic spheres of social life in the light of Catholic moral teachings, theologies, and action. Magisterial and scholarly writings from 1891 to the present receive primary emphasis. The course also includes a service learning component. Offered at the discretion of the department.