Carroll College, Helena Montana

Course Descriptions

PHIL: Ethics and Values Studies Courses


PHIL 107  Ethics  3 Cr
An introduction to moral theories and an analysis of the moral concepts of goodness, right, and obligation, and the ways in which they operate in society, religion, and law. These concepts will be further enhanced in classroom discussions of contemporary moral issues. Offered annually.

PHIL 324 Ethical Theory 3 Cr
An intensive exploration of enduring theoretical issues in ethics such as relative and absolute moral laws, subjective and objective components of moral knowledge, the relation of facts in nature to human values, and the place of reason in ethical decisions. Prerequisite: Previous philosophy course or consent of instructor. Spring semester, even-numbered years. Fulfills Writing Intensive requirement.

PHIL 496 Ethical Issues in Contemporary Media 3 Cr
In a seminar setting, a discussion of the ethics implicit in various modern media, including specific media presentations of ethical issues. Seminar conversation focuses on a clarification of the philosophical implications of these issues and possible resolutions based on recognized ethical theories. Required for Ethics and Values majors and minors, but open to any student who had a previous philosophy course and who has obtained permission to enroll from the class instructor. Fall semester, even-numbered years.


PHIL 151 Ancient Philosophy 3 Cr
An examination of philosophical speculation through its origins in the Greek and Roman worlds. Special emphasis on the idealism of Plato and the realism of Aristotle as the systematic foundations of Western thought. Each semester.

PHIL 202 Medieval Philosophy 3 Cr

An examination of philosophical thought from early Christian times through the late Middle Ages and Renaissance. Special emphasis is given to the period’s neo-Platonic and neo-Aristotelian synthesis. Some acquaintance with Plato and Aristotle’s work is advised. PHIL 202 is the second course in the History of Philosophy sequence. Spring semester.

PHIL 303 Modern Philosophy 3 Cr
A study of the philosophical movements known as British empiricism, Continental rationalism, and German idealism. Course material will be developed by reviewing a selection of writings from the leading philosophers of the period. PHIL 303 is the third course in the History of Philosophy sequence. Prerequisite: Previous philosophy course or consent of instructor. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

PHIL 304 Contemporary Philosophy 3 Cr
An investigation of recent traditions and problems within philosophy. Class discussion explores the expression of these traditions and problems in contemporary philosophical literature that deals with culture and society. PHIL 304 is the fourth course in the History of Philosophy sequence. Prerequisite: Previous philosophy course or consent of instructor. Spring semester, even-numbered years.


PHIL 206 Environmental Ethics 3 Cr
An ethical examination of human responsibilities and obligations to the environment and other species. The course includes a consideration of different environmental perspectives as well as applications to local issues like land use, wilderness protection, and food resources. Spring semester, even-numbered years.

PHIL 207 Business Ethics 3 Cr
The ethical investigation of business, business life, and their relationship to the good life. Course content includes an analysis of economic justice, corporate and personal responsibility, employee and consumer rights, and the meaning of work. Case studies give students practice in making rationally defensible moral judgments in accord with sound moral principles. Fall semester.

PHIL 208 Bioethics 3 Cr

An examination of moral issues that arise in medicine and related fields. Course topics include the right to life, forgoing medical treatment, informed consent, confidentiality, medical experimentation, and reproductive control. Case studies give students practice in making rationally defensible moral judgments in accord with sound moral principles. Spring semester.

CO 308 Communication Ethics 3 Cr
Course seeks to deepen insights into ethical issues arising on all frontiers of communication, ranging from small groups to news media. Students will read case studies of ethical crises and learn to apply philosophical and religious ethical principles to those crises. Prerequisite: CO 101, junior standing, or consent of instructor. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.


ART 110 Art Appreciation. 3 Cr

This class is an examination of international visual art, its diverse physical forms, psychological dimensions, and social meanings. Emphasis on student development of vocabulary and conceptual framework to better understand and appreciate personal responses as well as the cultural significance of art in ancient, historic, and contemporary societies. Spring

CO 280 Gender Communication 3 Cr
Examination of interactive relationships between gender and communication in contemporary American society. Course will explore ways that communication creates and perpetuates gender roles and how socially created gender roles are enacted in public and private settings. Students will connect research to everyday lives. Prerequisite: Sophomore status absolutely required, CO 101. Spring semster, odd-numbered years. Fulfills National Diversity requirement.

PHIL 121 Philosophy of Human Being 3 Cr
An introduction to philosophy through a consideration of what constitutes humanity. The course examines such features as the existence of a soul, the nature of human knowing, and the possibility of human freedom. Subject matter is particularly useful to students in biology, psychology and the social sciences. Offered annually.

PHIL 255 Philosophy of Art and Beauty 3 Cr
An analysis of concepts used in discussions of art and beauty and the application of this analysis to a variety of art forms. Class discussions develop the student’s skills in art criticism and aesthetic recognition. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

PHIL 256 Social and Political Philosophy 3 Cr
A critical review of theories of political, social, and economic organization. Analysis of the philosophical foundations of these accounts and their consequences. Spring semester. May fulfill Writing Intensive requirement.

PHIL 261 Philosophy and Gender 3 Cr

An investigation of main concepts and key issues at the heart of gender-feminist studies. Particular attention is devoted to the examination of major theories, their specific contribution, their critique, and the broad spectrum of perspectives at stake. Prerequisite: Previous philosophy course or consent of instructor. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

PHIL 315 20th Century European Philosophy 3 Cr
An investigation of the most salient movements in philosophy that have developed in 20th century Europe. These include: Existentialism, Phenomenology, Hermeneutics, Structuralism, Post-Structuralism and Critical theory. Prerequisite: previous philosophy course or consent of instructor. Fall semester, even-numbered years

PO 250   Topics in American Politics   3 Cr
An introduction to the major public policy issues in American politics. Course examines the creation and definition of public issues as well as the formulation of public policy solutions. The problems and issues examined will reflect dominant national concerns. Spring semester.

PO 342   War and Peace   3 Cr
Presents a critical examination of contending conceptions of international security, the policy making process as it relates to the formulation of national security priorities, and the role of weapons and force in foreign policy. In short, we will examine age-old questions pertaining to war and peace in the contemporary world. Spring semester, even numbered years.

SO 200  Social Problems  3 Cr
An in-depth examination and discussion of selected American social problems, including poverty, sexism, racism, family violence, and health issues. Recommendations for alleviation of the problems with a social justice viewpoint. Prerequisite: SO 101. Fulfills National Diversity requirement. Fall semester.

SO/AN 208  The Family  3 Cr
Anthropological and sociological investigation of the marriage and family institutions in various cultures and their influences upon both individuals and social organizations. Analysis of family communications; one’s choices in relationships; parenting; life transitions; and roles of gender, property, power, and love in marriage and family. Prerequisite: SO 101 or consent of instructor. Fulfills National Diversity requirement. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

SO 215  Contemporary Issues in Rural and Urban Sociology   3 Cr
This course examines sociological processes in the urbanization of societies. Problems concerning both rural and urban life will be covered, as well as efforts to build community from the local level to that of the “global village”. The conflicting interests that farmers, ranchers, environmentalists, developers, urban planners, business, government and other groups have in these issues are presented and analyzed. Prerequisite: SO 101. Fulfills National Diversity requirement. Fall semester, even-numbered years.

SO 225  Sociology of Gender  3 Cr
While there are biological differences between the sexes, in this course we will explore the social aspects of gender from a sociological perspective. From this view, gender is treated as separate from sex, because gender is the study of differing social expectations for people according to their sex. We will examine how gender is defined, constructed, and reinforced within society, and how all this relates to gender identities and gender inequality. With a critical eye on gender’s social construction, we will address issues of gender acquisition and explore the interactions between gender and other socially-constructed categories such as race/ethnicity and class as well as social institutions. Prerequisites: SO 101, PSY 105, or CO 101. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

SO/AN 317  Ethnic and Racial Relations  3 Cr
An anthropological and sociological examination of ethnic and racial relations and identities within and between different socio-cultural groups. This includes an analysis of beliefs about ethnicity and race, focusing on their development through historical processes. Prerequisite: SO 101. Fulfills National Diversity requirement. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

SO 351  Medical Sociology  3 Cr
Course develops an appreciation of the role of sociology and social sciences in the study of health and medical care. Interactions between patients and medical professionals; function and problems in health care systems; deprofessionalization of doctors, and other problems confronting modern medical care are also analyzed from a sociological perspective. Recommended for those considering a career in public health, health sciences, medicine, health care delivery, or social work. Prerequisite: SO 101 or consent of instructor. Spring semester. Fulfills National Diversity requirement.

SO 360   Environmental Sociology  3 Cr
This course will examine the relationships between human society and the natural environment with a particular emphasis on how different social classes, races and genders experience or affect the environment. We will study how factors such as consumption, population growth, development, technology, political ideologies and social movements affect theidentification, emergence and resolutions of environmental problems—from local to global levels. By the end of the course students will be able to think critically about the relationships between the social and the natural worlds, and will analyze and begin to suggest solutions to contemporary environmental problems. Prerequisite: SO 101. Fall semester, even-numbered years.

TH 220   Moral Theology  3 Cr
An introduction to moral decision making and moral action in light of biblical principles and changing contexts. Offered each year.

TH 222  Heath Care Ethics  3 Cr
In this course, we will examine fundamental ethical theories, the basis of these theories in the Judeo-Christian understanding of the nature of the human person, and the application of these theories to practical matters within medicine and health care. The approach to ethics we pursue in this course will be grounded primarily in a Western philosophical and theological context, and will focus especially on the moral teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. Offered each year.

TH 263   Modern Catholic Social Teaching*   3 Cr.
A study of the cultural, political, and economic spheres of social life in the light of Catholic moral teachings, theologies, and action. Magisterial and scholarly writings from 1891 to the present receive primary emphasis. The course also includes a service learning component. Offered at the discretion of the department.