Carroll College, Helena Montana
Bowdoing National Wildlife Refuge Montana

Course Descriptions

ES: Courses in Environmental Studies

EAS 101 Earth Science 4 Cr  A survey of the earth: its interior, surface processes, climate, landscapes, oceans, and the environmental impacts and influences of these processes on mankind. Topics include the structure of the earth, rivers, glaciers, earthquakes, geological time and plate tectonics. Lecture topics are reinforced by hands-on activities and field trips including rock and mineral identification and the use of maps and images in the laboratory.

ES 121  Environmental Science  4 Cr An introductory course focusing on the scientific analysis of environmental issues. Using core concepts from physics, chemistry, biology and earth science, students will exam key issues associated with sustaining biodiversity, natural resources, environmental health, and human societies. Topics will nclude ecological principles; land, water and energy use; epidemiology and toxicology; air, water and solid waste pollution; ecological economics; and environmental policy, law and planning. The course includes a laboratory and fulfills the CORE requirement for Natural Sciences. Required for Environmental Studies: Environmental Policy and Project Management majors. Open to all Carroll students. Fall semester, odd-numbered years.

ES 201  Environmental Practicum  1 Cr A practical exploration of an environmental issue on the Carroll College campus, or encompassing the campus and the local community, through class analysis of the issue and concrete engagement with its resolution. The course may be taken for credit of to three times in different semesters, with an exploration of at least two different topics/projects.

ES 220 Topics in Conservation Biology 3 Cr   A course designed to improve the scientific literacy of students interested in solving the conservation/environmental challenges that result from overuse of natural resources. Using concepts and practices from taxonomy, ecology, genetics, and geography, Conservation Biology seeks the most effective strategies for addressing threats to biological diversity, ecological integrity and environmental health. The course will change geographic focus from year to year to allow students to take the course more than once and explore different bioregions. The neotropics (Latin America) will be the geographic focus in even numbered years and will fulfill a requirement for the Latin American Studies Minor. Open to all Carroll students. Fall semester

ES 289 Winter Ecology in Yellowstone 3 Cr    Winter ecology is the study of the relationships between living organisms and their winter environment. Particularly relevant to organisms in temperate regions covered by snow for at least two months of the year, winter is an environmental factor that greatly influences an organism’s evolution and ecology. Designed as a field immersion experience followed by an open-ended project experience, students will practice basic field techniques, collect original data and complete at least one analytical project focused on the winter environment and the behavioral/physiological adaptations of plants and animals. Students will begin with a two-week immersion experience in January (before spring semester) in Yellowstone National Park. Subsequently, during spring semester, students will complete an analytical project of their choice. Topics will include: climate and climate change, snow characteristics, migration, hibernation, behavioral/physiological tolerance adaptations of plants and animals, animal tracking, weather patterns, and geothermal microclimate features of Yellowstone. Prerequisite: Any natural science course. January into spring semester even numbered years.

ES 320 Geomorphology 4 Cr  This course is an introduction to the physical and chemical geologic processes that are active on the surface of the earth. We will use a "pattern and process" approach integrating description, analysis and interpretation of landforms, surface patterns, sediment, stratigraphy, and soils in order to understand geomorphic processes and how they reflect the evolution of landscapes.

ES 495  Environmental Studies Seminar  3 Cr    An analysis of selected environment-related writings and a discussion of selected environmental themes with presentations by students and faculty and invited lectures as available. Required of all Environmental Studies majors and minors in their junior or senior year. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.

ES 496  Internship  1-3 Cr    A one-semester focus on an environmental issue explored through a working association with a federal or state agency, a private enterprise, a community group, or a non-profit organization.

ES 498  Environmental Studies Research 3 Cr   A senior year research paper or research project, in lieu of an honors thesis, focused on a specific environmental issue; the paper or project should provide evidence of scholarship in and integration of scientific, social scientific, and humanities analyses of or perspectives on the issue; presented to the department faculty and student peers.