Carroll College, Helena Montana

Course Descriptions

CH: Courses in Chemistry

Department of Chemistry and Physics

CH 101-102 General Chemistry 8 Cr
Principles of chemistry for students majoring in science or engineering. First
semester topics include stoichiometry, atomic structure, bonding, thermochemistry,
and intermolecular forces. Second semester topics include
solutions, chemical equilibrium, acid/base chemistry. oxidation/reduction,
thermodynamics, kinetics, nuclear chemistry, and coordination compounds.
Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: High
school algebra. High school chemistry recommended. Students must
receive a “C” or better in CH 101 to enroll in CH 102. Offered annually. CH
101 Fall semester, CH 102 Spring semester.

CH 111 Essentials of Chemistry: General 4 Cr
A one-semester course in the fundamentals of general inorganic chemistry.
Principal topics include atomic structure; atomic-molecular description
of matter, solutions, and equilibrium; and basic calculations and measurements.
Recommended for general studies students and students in
nursing and health information management. Three lectures and one 3-hour
laboratory per week. Spring semester.

CH 112 Essentials of Chemistry: 3 Cr
Organic and Biochemistry
The first portion of the course explores the structures, functions, and
properties of biologically relevant organic macromolecules including
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, and enzymes. From there,
the course explores the genetic control of biochemical processes, control
of cell division and cell death, the biochemistry of cancer, and how pharmaceuticals
are developed to treat disease. Finally, the course explores
bioenergetics and metabolic processes that provide the energy for life.
Course Descriptions—CH: Chemistry 283
A major consideration is how these processes interface with health and
disease. Recommended for students in nursing. Three lectures per week;
no laboratory. Prerequisite: CH 101-102 or CH 111 or consent of the instructor.
Students must receive a “C” or better in the prerequisite to enroll
in CH112. Fall semester.

CH 205 Quantitative Analysis 4 Cr
A detailed study of analytical chemistry focusing on classical methods
of chemical analysis in systems at equilibrium. Topics covered include
measurement and concentration, experimental error and uncertainty in
chemical analysis, statistical analysis of laboratory data, solubility equilibria,
acid-base reactions, oxidation-reduction chemistry, complexometric
reactions, phase equilibrium, activity, electrochemistry, potentiometry, and
the interaction of light with matter. These areas are studied in the context
of analytical laboratory techniques, including volumetric analysis, titrimetry,
gravimetry, chromatography and spectrophotometry. Basic issues of
chemical hygiene are also covered. The laboratory stresses good laboratory
technique through the quantitative analysis of unknown samples by
classical and modern methods. Three 50-minute lectures and one 4-hour
laboratory per week. Prerequisites: CH 102 with a minimum grade of “C”.
Spring semester.

CH 285 Intermediate Organic Chemistry 4 Cr
A one-semester course in organic chemistry that focuses on organic
chemistry concepts needed for understanding biochemistry. Content also
includes nomenclature, configurational and conformational analysis, and
valence bond theory, as well as some important mechanisms. Prerequisite:
CH 102 with a minimum grade of “C”. Three lectures/week plus one 3.5
hour lab. Fall semester.

CH 301-302 Organic Chemistry 8 Cr
A two semester sequence on the chemistry of carbon-based compounds.
The sequence will examine the main classes of organic compounds in terms
of preparation, structure, physical and spectral properties, methods of
functional group transformation, and mechanism of reaction. In the second
semester of the laboratory sequence, students will perform an independent
organic laboratory project. There will be an emphasis on oral and written
scientific communication of the projects results. Three lectures and one 3
1/2- hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in CH
102 or consent of instructor. Students must pass CH 301 with a “C” or
better to enroll in CH 302. Offered annually. CH 301 fall semester. CH 302
spring semester.

CH 306 Instrumental Methods 3 Cr
An examination of modern instrumental methods of chemical analysis
from a theoretical and practical standpoint. Students learn the chemical
principles that underlie instrument operation and study the functions of
instrument components and their organization into chemical measurement
systems. An emphasis is placed on the utility and limitations of each instrument.
Principal instrumental techniques include atomic and molecular
optical spectroscopy, gas and liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry,
nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and electrochemical methods.
The laboratory provides students with hands-on access to a wide variety
of state-of-the-art chemical instrumentation. Three 50-minute lectures per
week. Prerequisite: CH 205. Students must receive a “C” or better in the
prerequisite to enroll in CH 306. Fall semester.

CH 311 Spectrometric Organic Structure 2 Cr
Determination
CH 311 is a seminar-style course where students will learn to read and
interpret data produced by chemistry instruments. This course is intended
for chemistry majors who are planning to attend graduate school, but others
who are interested in how spectrometry is used to determine structure
may find this course interesting. The class will meet twice weekly at the
designated time. Prerequisite : CH 302.

CH 353 Biochemistry 4 Cr
A study of the chemical principles governing biological macromolecules.
Topics include protein structure and function, enzyme mechanisms and kinetics,
carbohydrates and lipids, energetics and major metabolic pathways.
The laboratory will include both computer simulations and an introduction
to current molecular techniques in the field. Both lecture and lab will emphasize
problem solving and experimental data analysis. Three lectures
and one 4-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 171 and CH 285 or
CH 301. Fall semester.

CH 354 Biochemistry II 4 Cr
This course emphasizes biochemical processes that occur in living organisms.
It expands upon the material covered in CHEM 353 to include
additional consideration of metabolism and how it is studied, as well as
advanced topics in metabolic diseases, protein biochemistry, and enzymology.
Additional topics include drug development, and the biochemistry
of sensory systems, memory, and immunity. The course utilizes several
tools including textbook readings, lecture, clinical case studies, evaluation
of original research papers, and project-based laboratory exercises.
Students must receive a “C” or better in the prerequisite to enroll in CH
354. Prerequisite: CHEM 353. Spring semester.

CH 390 Physical Chemistry for Life Sciences 4 Cr
Physical chemistry for life sciences focuses on quantum mechanics,
spectroscopy, thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and kinetics as they
pertain to chemical and biochemical systems. Emphasis will be placed in
applying a conceptual understanding of energy quantization in molecular
and atomic systems when answering quantitative chemical problems. The
lab includes investigations of energetics, molecular structure and reaction
dynamics requiring the use of advanced instrumentation. One semester
course: Three 50 minute lectures and one 3 hour lab per week. Prerequisite:
CH 302, MA 122 and PHYS 206 or consent of the instructor. Student must
pass prerequisites with a “C” or better to enroll in CH 390. Offered bi-annually
in the fall of even-numbered years.

CH 391-392 Physical Chemistry 6 Cr
The first semester of this course (CH 391) topics include the origin, applications,
and implications of quantum mechanics. Specific topics include
spectroscopy (rotational, vibrational, electronic and NMR), chemical bonding,
and molecular structure. The second semester (CH 392) topics include
thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and kinetics. Through the two
semesters emphasis will be placed in applying a conceptual understanding
of quantum mechanics and the quantization of energy levels in molecular
and atomic systems when answering quantitative chemical problems. Two
semester course: Three 50-minute lectures per week. Prerequisite: CH 302,
MA 233 and PHYS 206 or consent of the instructor. Student must pass
prerequisites with a “C” or better to enroll in CH 391-392. Offered every
other year, CH 391 fall semester of odd-numbered years and CH 392 spring
semester of even-numbered years.

CH 405 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 3 Cr
A detailed study of current topics in inorganic chemistry, including coordination
chemistry, organometallic chemistry, homogeneneous catalysis and
bioinorganic chemistry. Emphasis will be placed on orbital interactions,
reactivity and reaction mechanisms of inorganic molecules. Lab covers
synthesis and spectroscopy of inorganic compounds. Prerequisite: CH 302.
Students must receive a “C” or better in the prerequisite to enroll in CH 405.
Three 50-minute lectures per week. Spring semester, even-numbered years.

CH 406 Advanced Organic Chemistry 3 Cr
This course will provide an in-depth study of the structure, synthesis, and
reaction mechanisms of organic compounds. The synthesis section will
encompass theory, design, and methods used in modern organic synthesis.
The structure and mechanistic section will cover conformational analysis,
stereochemistry, molecular orbital theory as it applies to conjugated pi
systems, reaction mechanisms and methods of mechanism elucidation.
Original papers in current science literature will be analyzed with an emphasis
on oral and written scientific communication. Three 50-minute lectures
286 Course Descriptions—CLST: Classical Studies
per week. Prerequisite: CH 302. Students must receive a “C” or better in
the prerequisite to enroll in CH 406. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.

CH 411-412 Integrated Lab 4 Cr
A two-course series to be taken in consecutive semesters primarily in the
fourth year of study. This lab-only course integrates content from physical
chemistry, instrumental methods, advanced organic, and advanced
inorganic chemistry by providing research or research-like experiences.
Learning outcomes are to: 1) develop advanced synthetic abilities, 2) apply
modern instrumentation for data generation, 3) analyze data in light of
modern theory, 4) report findings in written and oral formats, and 5) search
and employ primary literature sources. Lab meets two times per week for
3.5 hours each. Pre- or co-requisites for CH 411 are CH 391 and CH 306;
pre- or co-requisites for CH 412 are CH 392, CH 405 or 406 (depending on
year). Student must pass all pre- and co-requisites with a “C” or better to
enroll in CH 411 and CH 412. Offered annually: 411 in fall and 412 in spring.
CH 412 fulfills writing intensive (WI) requirement.

CH/BI 477 Honors Thesis Writing 1 Cr
This course is intended to guide students through the process of writing an
honors thesis based upon data the student have collected. The course consists
of weekly meetings during which the parts of the thesis (Introduction
and Literature Review, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion)
will be discussed. Poster and Power Point presentations are covered. By
the end of the semester, students will have completed a rough draft of their
theses. One hour lecture/discussion per week. Required of all students who
wish to graduate with honors. Prerequisite: 3.25 gpa and completion of an
honors research project. Fall semester.

CH 496 Senior Seminar 1 Cr
Senior seminar is intended for senior chemistry majors in their last semester
of study. The focus of the course will be on developing the skills necessary
for the effective communication required in a graduate program or a job
in chemistry. Students will be required to give professional, polished oral
presentations and will practice the skills of scientific writing, with particular
emphasis on the style required for publication in a chemical journal.
Prerequisite: Senior status. Spring semester.