Carroll College, Helena Montana

Course Descriptions

CH: Courses in Chemistry

Department of Chemistry and Physics

CH 101-102 General Chemistry 8 Cr
Principles of chemistry for students majoring in science or engineering. First semester topics include stoichiometry, atomic structure, bonding, thermochemistry, and intermolecular forces. Second semester topics include solutions, chemical equilibrium, acid/base chemistry. oxidation/reduction, thermodynamics, kinetics, nuclear chemistry, and coordination compounds. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: High school algebra. High school chemistry recommended. Students must receive a “C” or better in CH 101 to enroll in CH 102. Offered annually. CH 101 Fall semester, CH 102 Spring semester.

CH 111 Essentials of Chemistry General 4 Cr
A one-semester course in the fundamentals of general inorganic chemistry. Principal topics include atomic structure; atomic-molecular description of matter, solutions, and equilibrium; and basic calculations and measurements. Recommended for general studies students and students in nursing and health information management. Three lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week. Spring semester.

CH 112 Essentials of Chemistry Organic and Biochemistry 3 Cr
The first portion of the course explores the structures, functions, and properties of biologically relevant organic macromolecules including carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, and enzymes. From there, the course explores the genetic control of biochemical processes, control of cell division and cell death, the biochemistry of cancer, and how pharmaceuticals are developed to treat disease. Finally, the course explores bioenergetics and metabolic processes that provide the energy for life. Course Descriptions—CH: Chemistry 283 A major consideration is how these processes interface with health and disease. Recommended for students in nursing. Three lectures per week; no laboratory. Prerequisite: CH 101-102 or CH 111 or consent of the instructor. Students must receive a “C” or better in the prerequisite to enroll in CH112. Fall semester.

CH 205 Quantitative Analysis 4 Cr
A detailed study of analytical chemistry focusing on classical methods of chemical analysis in systems at equilibrium. Topics covered include measurement and concentration, experimental error and uncertainty in chemical analysis, statistical analysis of laboratory data, solubility equilibria, acid-base reactions, oxidation-reduction chemistry, complexometric reactions, phase equilibrium, activity, electrochemistry, potentiometry, and the interaction of light with matter. These areas are studied in the context of analytical laboratory techniques, including volumetric analysis, titrimetry, gravimetry, chromatography and spectrophotometry. Basic issues of chemical hygiene are also covered. The laboratory stresses good laboratory technique through the quantitative analysis of unknown samples by classical and modern methods. Three 50-minute lectures and one 4-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: CH 102 with a minimum grade of "C". Spring semester.

CH 285 Intermediate Organic Chemistry 4 Cr
A one-semester course in organic chemistry that focuses on organic chemistry concepts needed for understanding biochemistry. Content also includes nomenclature, configurational and conformational analysis, and valence bond theory, as well as some important mechanisms. Prerequisite: CH 102 with a minimum grade of "C". Three lectures/week plus one 3.5 hour lab. Fall semester.

CH 301-302 Organic Chemistry 8 Cr
A two semester sequence on the chemistry of carbon-based compounds. The sequence will examine the main classes of organic compounds in terms of preparation, structure, physical and spectral properties, methods of functional group transformation, and mechanism of reaction. In the second semester of the laboratory sequence, students will perform an independent organic laboratory project. There will be an emphasis on oral and written scientific communication of the projects results. Three lectures and one 3 1/2- hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: Grade of “C” or better in CH 102 or consent of instructor. Students must pass CH 301 with a "C" or better to enroll in CH 302. Offered annually. CH 301 fall semester. CH 302 spring semester.

CH 306 Instrumental Methods 3 Cr
An examination of modern instrumental methods of chemical analysis from a theoretical and practical standpoint. Students learn the chemical principles that underlie instrument operation and study the functions of instrument components and their organization into chemical measurement systems. An emphasis is placed on the utility and limitations of each instrument. Principal instrumental techniques include atomic and molecular optical spectroscopy, gas and liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and electrochemical methods. The laboratory provides students with hands-on access to a wide variety of state-of-the-art chemical instrumentation. Three 50-minute lectures per week. Prerequisite: CH 205. Students must receive a “C” or better in the prerequisite to enroll in CH 306. Fall semester.

CH 311 Spectrometric Organic Structure Determination 2 Cr

CH 311 is a seminar-style course where students will learn to read and interpret data produced by chemistry instruments. This course is intended for chemistry majors who are planning to attend graduate school, but others who are interested in how spectrometry is used to determine structure may find this course interesting. The class will meet twice weekly at the designated time. Prerequisite : CH 302.

CH 353 Biochemistry 4 Cr
A study of the chemical principles governing biological macromolecules. Topics include protein structure and function, enzyme mechanisms and kinetics, carbohydrates and lipids, energetics and major metabolic pathways. The laboratory will include both computer simulations and an introduction to current molecular techniques in the field. Both lecture and lab will emphasize problem solving and experimental data analysis. Three lectures and one 4-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 171 and CH 285 or CH 301. Fall semester.

CH 354 Biochemistry II 4 Cr
This course emphasizes biochemical processes that occur in living organisms. It expands upon the material covered in CHEM 353 to include additional consideration of metabolism and how it is studied, as well as advanced topics in metabolic diseases, protein biochemistry, and enzymology. Additional topics include drug development, and the biochemistry of sensory systems, memory, and immunity. The course utilizes several tools including textbook readings, lecture, clinical case studies, evaluation of original research papers, and project-based laboratory exercises. Students must receive a “C” or better in the prerequisite to enroll in CH 354. Prerequisite: CHEM 353. Spring semester.

CH 390 Physical Chemistry for Life Sciences 4 Cr
Physical chemistry for life sciences focuses on quantum mechanics, spectroscopy, thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and kinetics as they pertain to chemical and biochemical systems. Emphasis will be placed in applying a conceptual understanding of energy quantization in molecular and atomic systems when answering quantitative chemical problems. The lab includes investigations of energetics, molecular structure and reaction dynamics requiring the use of advanced instrumentation. One semester course: Three 50 minute lectures and one 3 hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CH 302, MA 122 and PHYS 206 or consent of the instructor. Student must pass prerequisites with a “C” or better to enroll in CH 390. Offered bi-annually in the fall of even-numbered years.

CH 391-392 Physical Chemistry 6 Cr
The first semester of this course (CH 391) topics include the origin, applications, and implications of quantum mechanics. Specific topics include spectroscopy (rotational, vibrational, electronic and NMR), chemical bonding, and molecular structure. The second semester (CH 392) topics include thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and kinetics. Through the two semesters emphasis will be placed in applying a conceptual understanding of quantum mechanics and the quantization of energy levels in molecular and atomic systems when answering quantitative chemical problems. Two semester course: Three 50-minute lectures per week. Prerequisite: CH 302, MA 233 and PHYS 206 or consent of the instructor. Student must pass prerequisites with a “C” or better to enroll in CH 391-392. Offered every other year, CH 391 fall semester of odd-numbered years and CH 392 spring semester of even-numbered years.

CH 405 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 3 Cr
A detailed study of current topics in inorganic chemistry, including coordination chemistry, organometallic chemistry, homogeneneous catalysis and bioinorganic chemistry. Emphasis will be placed on orbital interactions, reactivity and reaction mechanisms of inorganic molecules. Lab covers synthesis and spectroscopy of inorganic compounds. Prerequisite: CH 302. Students must receive a “C” or better in the prerequisite to enroll in CH 405. Three 50-minute lectures per week. Spring semester, even-numbered years.

CH 406 Advanced Organic Chemistry 3 Cr
This course will provide an in-depth study of the structure, synthesis, and reaction mechanisms of organic compounds. The synthesis section will encompass theory, design, and methods used in modern organic synthesis. The structure and mechanistic section will cover conformational analysis, stereochemistry, molecular orbital theory as it applies to conjugated pi systems, reaction mechanisms and methods of mechanism elucidation. Original papers in current science literature will be analyzed with an emphasis on oral and written scientific communication. Three 50-minute lectures 286 Course Descriptions—CLST: Classical Studies per week. Prerequisite: CH 302. Students must receive a “C” or better in the prerequisite to enroll in CH 406. Spring semester, odd-numbered years.

CH 411-412 Integrated Lab 4 Cr
A two-course series to be taken in consecutive semesters primarily in the fourth year of study. This lab-only course integrates content from physical chemistry, instrumental methods, advanced organic, and advanced inorganic chemistry by providing research or research-like experiences. Learning outcomes are to: 1) develop advanced synthetic abilities, 2) apply modern instrumentation for data generation, 3) analyze data in light of modern theory, 4) report findings in written and oral formats, and 5) search and employ primary literature sources. Lab meets two times per week for 3.5 hours each. Pre- or co-requisites for CH 411 are CH 391 and CH 306; pre- or co-requisites for CH 412 are CH 392, CH 405 or 406 (depending on year). Student must pass all pre- and co-requisites with a “C” or better to enroll in CH 411 and CH 412. Offered annually: 411 in fall and 412 in spring. CH 412 fulfills writing intensive (WI) requirement.

CH/BI 477 Honors Thesis Writing 1 Cr
This course is intended to guide students through the process of writing an honors thesis based upon data the student have collected. The course consists of weekly meetings during which the parts of the thesis (Introduction and Literature Review, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion) will be discussed. Poster and Power Point presentations are covered. By the end of the semester, students will have completed a rough draft of their theses. One hour lecture/discussion per week. Required of all students who wish to graduate with honors. Prerequisite: 3.25 gpa and completion of an honors research project. Fall semester.

CH 496 Senior Seminar 1 Cr
Senior seminar is intended for senior chemistry majors in their last semester of study. The focus of the course will be on developing the skills necessary for the effective communication required in a graduate program or a job in chemistry. Students will be required to give professional, polished oral presentations and will practice the skills of scientific writing, with particular emphasis on the style required for publication in a chemical journal. Prerequisite: Senior status. Spring semester.